- What if a ship collision happened? What needs to be done?
- Actions to be taken in case of ship grounding
- Fire onboard
- Always be prepared for a heavy weather phenomenon
- What to do in case of hull failure
- The importance of understanding ship stability
- The case of ship flooding
- How to act during a cargo shifting
- Main engine failure can lead to accident
- Steering failure is more common than we think
- Necessary steps required in case of power failure
- "Man overboard"
- How Search And Rescue works
- Personnel injuries and illness when onboard
- Rescue from Enclosed Space
- Helicopter Operations
- Marine salvage operations
- Emergency Procedures: Oil pollution
There are several types of salvage, such as
- offshore salvage,
- afloat salvage and
- cargo/equipment salvage
Real Life Incident
A bulk carrier departed from Gdansk, Poland on June of 2006, en route to El Dekheila, Egypt. It was loaded with a cargo of 74,389mt of Polish coking coal. The vessel had a mean draft of 14.31m. From the time of departure until some hours later, the weather and the visibility were good. The master requested to be called when the vessel will reach a specific position. He then left the bridge. At 15:30 (local time), the vessel reached the indicated position and the master was called on bridge. At 15:55, the master noted that the autopilot was applying port rudder and that the engine revolutions started to drop, so he instructed the helmsman to change from auto to manual steering and to put the wheel to starboard. The vessel continued to move to port side for a while and then it stopped completely. The master realized that the vessel had run aground. No water ingress was reported, and the master attempted to refloat the ship, without success. The relevant authorities were notified, a salvage company was contracted, and a salvage plan was drawn up. Four days later, the vessel was re-floated with the assistance of two tug-boats, and it was shifted to a safe anchorage. An underwater inspection showed that the vessel did not suffered any damages, the cargo was reloaded, and she continued her voyage the next day. The whole salvage operation based on Master’s immediate response and request for assistance, managing Company’s authorization to salvage company to conduct operations, saved the vessel protected the crew,cargo and environment as weather conditions changed to worst and the grounded position of the vessel was not safe or secured.
There are some actions needed to be taken by the responsible personnel, especially the master, in case the ship needs to be salvaged:
- Fix the time and the position
- Keep the radio station “stand-by”-with current & updated position available
- Enter continuously any actions taken in ship’s log book
- If time permits always consult company before ordering salvage assistance
- If immediate danger is at hand for ship and/or cargo, the Master should order salvage and accept offered help. The company should be notified as soon as possible
- Prepare the salvage operation in co-operation with the salvor. The Master should assist the salvor for best possible outcome
- Report to the Office
SQE Marine has prepared a detailed checklist aiming to inform about the necessary actions to be followed, in case of salvage of own ship.