Bridge Procedure Guide
- Key points for effective familiarization with bridge equipment
- Bridge preparations for voyage departure
- Preparations for arrival at port
- Marine Pilot’s role in safety and accident prevention
- The importance of passage planning
- How to get prepared for coastal waters navigation
- How to ensure safe ship navigation in ocean waters
- Proper knowledge and judgement needed during anchoring
- Ship navigation when in restricted visibility
- Actions to be taken for ship navigation under heavy weather
- What to avoid during ship navigation in polar waters
- Watchstanding guide for the Officers of the Watch
- When should the Officer on Watch call the Ship’s Captain?
- How to ensure vessel’s proper steering gear testing
- Mandatory actions during ECDIS setup
- What to do in case of ECDIS system failure
- GNSS failure while using the ECDIS
Step 1: Having a comprehensive passage plan
Initially, a comprehensive passage plan is essential to the safety of navigation. Vessel’s passage plan should be prepared and available on the bridge, checked and approved by the Master with its route displayed on primary and secondary ECDIS and/or available paper charts. An effective weather review should be conducted in order to finalize the plan. The charts and nautical publications should be updated with the latest notices/corrections and available onboard.
Step 2: Working with the Pilot
During Pilot’s stay onboard, the effective coordination between him, Master and the other members of the bridge team is necessary.
“Pilot is a member of Bridge team and when on board Master is not relieved by his Responsibilities for Safety of Navigation.”
All the records that are relevant to pilotage procedures must be completed. The interaction sheet between vessel’s bridge team and Pilot is the Pilot Card.
Step 3: Checking and preparing the machinery
Several machinery and electronic equipment in Engine and Deck department, has to be tested, synchronized and ready to be used before departure. This equipment should include (but not limited to) anchors, cables and winches, GMDSS, BNWAS, communication equipment, gyro and magnetic compasses, ARPA, steering gear, navigational lights, Global positioning systems, VDR etc.
Also, doors, openings, cargo and handling equipment should be secured in order to avoid water ingress and to ensure vessel’s stability.
Lastly, vessel’s crew, in every department should be fit for duty, with all stations manned and ready before sailing.
Step 4: Using the appropriate checklist to ensure safe departure
Operators should consider the importance of the vessel’s proper preparation for departure and supply vessels with the appropriate bridge procedures checklist, taking into account national and international guidance.This checklist has to be completed by the Officer on the Watch and it may be used after vessel’s preparation, to ensure that all mentioned actions have been performed before the working phases.
- Passage Plan
- Equipment Checks (Tested, Synchronized and Ready for Use)
- Ports and Pilotage
- Securing for Sea
- Before sailing