UMAS released two infographics showing what fuels will help decarbonize shipping by 2050. The infographic shows the deep emission cuts that will be needed to meet the IMO GHG targets.
In April 2018, the shipping industry pledged to a wide GHG target of reducing emissions by ‘at least’ 50% by 2050. Achieving this target will require a combination of short, mid and long-term policy measures.
The infographics highlight the huge possibility of untapped renewable energy potential to produce low- or zero-emissions electro-fuels and what next steps are necessary to scale up these solutions. The infographics are based on findings from about 10 years of research, like Low Carbon Shipping & Shipping in Changing Climates projects and collaboration with Lloyd’s Register on Zero Emission Vessels.
- Electro-fuels: Production of gaseous/liquid zero-carbon electro-fuels from sustainable sources;
- Electrification: Production of electricity from renewable energy resources in combination with battery storage technology.
- 1st Generation: Produced from food resources, such as wheat and meat;
- 2nd Generation: Produced from bio-mass resources such as wood and organic waste;
- 3rd Generation: Produced from sustainably cultivated organic materials, such as algae;
- 4th Generation: Produced from bio-mass resources in combination with carbon dioxide capture and storage.
However, the infographics note that there is no one-size-fits-all solution. They explain that different solutions fir different ships, according to size, power and vessel requirements.