Both number of detentions and detention percentage increased in 2019, after respective seven years’ and ten years’ continuous decrease.

ISM related detainable deficiencies have remained in the top three detainable deficiency categories for several years.

One third of all detentions are on the grounds of a major non-compliance with ISM reflecting the importance of ISM to the effective operation of ships.

Meanwhile, the average number of detainable deficiencies per detention is trending slowly upwards.


Ship inspections

  • In 2019, 31,372 inspections, involving 17,647 individual ships, took place on ships registered under 97 flags.
  • Out of 31,372 inspections, there were 18,461 inspections where ships were found with deficiencies.
  • Since the total number of individual ships operating in the region was estimated at 25,741, the inspection rate in the region was approximately 69% in 2019.


Ship deficiencies

  • A total of 73,393 deficiencies were recorded in 2019.

It has been noted that fire safety measures, life-saving appliances and safety of navigation continue to be the top three categories of deficiencies discovered on ships.

  • In 2019, 13,178 deficiencies related to fire safety measures, 9,893 deficiencies related to life-saving appliances and 9,179 safety of navigation related deficiencies were recorded, representing nearly 45% of the total number of all recorded deficiencies.
  • Comparing the data with the last year, deficiencies under the category of certificates and documentation reduced by 1,181 in number or 18% by percentage.
  • MARPOL Annex VI related deficiencies dropped about 40% in 2019, after the 2018 CIC.

A general reduction trend is also found in categories of radio Communications, cargo operations including equipment, safety of navigation, dangerous goods and ISM.

  • There was a continuous increase of deficiencies relating to BWM, after two years of implementation of the convention.
  • As a result of the CIC on Emergency Systems and Procedures in 2019, deficiencies on emergency systems increased 1,029 in number or 25% by percentage.

Meanwhile, a total of 94 vessels, involving 23 individual ships, were identified as under-performing ships in 2019.

Both the total number of vessels published and the number individual ships involved are increased notably, comparing with the previous year.


Ship detentions

  • In 2019, 983 ships registered under 66 flags were detained due to serious deficiencies having been found onboard.
  • The detention rate of ships inspected was 3.13%.

Both the number of detentions and detention percentage has decreased continuously till the previous year; however, a bounce of the trend was found in 2019.

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Tokyo MoU annual report