These injuries have a financial cost of $246m, while the parties examined an additional 100,000 near miss reports from the ABS and Lamar Mariner Safety Research Initiative (MSRI) and almost a decade of data from the American Club.
The research reveals that injuries sustained while lifting or in slips, trips/falls are the most frequent incidents at sea, with more than 1,300 incidents in this study’s dataset. According to the American Club data, these incidents cost more than $85m for the six-year period studied.
The average cost per incident exceeds $65,000, namely:
- Lifting incidents averaged $48,000;
- Falls and trips averaged $88,000;
- Slips averaged $56,000.
Looking at costs and anatomical locations, the two most costly body locations were the head and neck, averaging just over $100,000 per incident followed by the back and torso at $66,000.
Shipping is currently navigating through a digital era in which asset owners are increasingly able to use the power of operational data to predict potential failures. As those capabilities grow, the industry would be well counselled to also get ‘smarter’ about how it compiles and uses its safety data
noted Joseph Hughes, the Shipowners Claims Bureau’s Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
Slips, trips and falls
Falls account for 22% of the incidents in the American Club data set, slips for 12%, and fall events were more expensive than slip events in the American Club data set. Falls were also common in the ABS/Lamar data set accounting for 23% injuries. Slips and trips were also common in injury in the ABS/Lamar data set (6% of records).
In addition, falls were more common than slips and trips in both data sets, due to slip events not resulting in reportable injuries. This is commonly called a near miss or close call. Based on the ABS/Lamar data set, common locations for falls that caused injury are deck (43%), engine room (13%), and stairs (7%). Common locations for slips that caused injury were deck (44%), stairs and ladders (13%) and engine room (11%).
From the ABS/Lamar MSRI data set, injuries involving slips, trips, and falls accounted for 11% of the records, while near misses accounted for more than 24% of records. However, situational awareness, spills, poor housekeeping, and inappropriate lighting, also contributed to injury records. Other key contributing factors related to the near misses include situational awareness, housekeeping, asset design, seafarer fatigue, lack of following procedures, and lack of anti-skid material on decks.
According to the report, lifting injuries are clearly a key concern. Of the records that could be classified in the American Club data set, 28% of the injury incidents were lifting related. On the other hand, the ABS/Lamar data set found that 13% of injuries were lifting related.
From the ABS/Lamar data set, lifting injuries mostly took place on the deck (45%), in the engine room (25%), cargo areas (5%), and galley (5%). Back injuries (46%), arm and hand (30%) and leg and foot (13%) were the most common body locations for lifting-related injuries.
At the time of the lifting injury, various activities in the ABS/Lamar data set were being performed including material handling (34%), maintenance (18%), deck activities (16%), and housekeeping (5%).
Lifting injury related lessons learned from industry participants on the ABS/Lamar MSRI initiative include:
- Education on the proper lifting techniques;
- Proper exercise to strengthen back muscles;
- Nutrition and weight control;
- Removing or properly marking the slippery surfaces to avoid slips, trips and falls that can lead to back injuries.
Perceived risk drives near miss reporting. When the percentage of near miss in an area significantly differs from the percentage of injuries in an area, a possible opportunity exists for educational interventions being useful to reduce injuries.
In the study, lifting was the area of greatest divergence between the number of near misses and actual injury events. Almost as many near misses in the ABS/Lamar data set were reported for smoking (0.5%) as all lifting-related near miss events (0.7%).
Check more information in the following report