According to UK Defence Club, the most extensive legislation in Chinese history, the CCC is an amalgamation and replacement of a number of key existing civil laws.

Following matters of private property, contracts, privacy, marriage, family and inheritance, the CCC will also extend to maritime matters not expressly regulated by the 1993 China Maritime Code (CMC).

Namely, it is anticipated that the shipping industry is likely to be affected by the CCC in the following areas:

  • Transfer of ownership of mortgaged property
  • Contract for the benefit of a third party
  • Performance by a third party on behalf of a contractual party in default
  • The independence of a guarantee
  • The implied guarantee period
  • Time bar for claims in contract and tort

A third party with “legitimate interests” in performing an obligation of another party may have that other party’s rights assigned to it. UK Defence Club noted.

Since the application of the Code has not yet been tested in the courts, the interaction of the CCC and the CMC, as well as the impact on shipping, remains to be seen. One point that requires clarification is whether the CCC will supersede the CMC or vice versa, in the event of a conflict between the two.

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