ESCA highlights that the EU recently adopted the ‘Fit for 55’ package that introduces the new ambitious measures for Europe to reduce emissions by at least 55% by 2030 and become carbon neutral by 2050.
IMO also reached last July a historic agreement for GHG emissions from international shipping to reach net-zero by 2050.hipping will contribute for the first time to the EU climate targets being part of the EU ETS and the FuelEU Maritime law. The
Announced in July 2021, the ‘Fit for 55’ package includes a series of proposals to revise EU legislation, in order to put it on track with the climate goals agreed by the EU Council and the European Parliament for 2030 and 2050 (climate neutrality). These proposals aim to put EU at the forefront of the global fight against climate change and maintain its competitiveness while ensuring a level playing field vis-à-vis third country economic operators.
As explained, European shipowners welcomed the increased climate ambition of the ‘Fit for 55’ package and recognised that shipping should contribute its fair share at EU level as well. ‘Fit for 55’ introduces a carbon pricing mechanism and a fuel standard for shipping. In order for the shipping industry to meet its ambitious decarbonisation targets, clean fuels must be made available in the market in sufficient quantities and at an affordable price.
Although all sectors of the European economy need access to clean fuels and energy sources, the European shipping industry is concerned about calls to provide further incentives for the use of additional quantities of biofuels and RFNBOs in heavy-duty road transport by introducing the so-called Carbon Correction Factor (CCF). It is noteworthy that the direct use of hydrogen in fuel cells falls outside the scope of CCF and is defined as zero-emission vehicle technology under the CO2 standards for heavy-duty vehicles.
We believe that the introduction of CCF will generate an artificial demand for these fuels in road transport where other alternatives exist and will divert crucial quantities away from shipping and other hard-to-abate sectors, which have no other alternatives to decarbonise.
Sustainable and scalable renewable fuels are key to decarbonise the shipping industry, but the current lack of availability risks blocking the decarbonisation of the sector. To reach the Paris Agreement’s 1.5°C target, maritime transport services need an immense effort to develop fuel production capacity.
We therefore urge the co-legislators to oppose unnecessary additional incentives such as CCF into the CO2 standards for heavy-duty vehicles and to provide legal and investment certainty by prioritising shipping.