The Centre for Economics and Business Research (Cebr) has been commissioned by Maritime UK to quantify the economic contribution of the ports industry. The report assesses the contribution of the Maritime Sector as a whole, at industry-level, in Scotland, Wales, the Liverpool City Region and in the Solent LEP region.
In this context, the ports industry consists of all those activities carried out in ports. This report is using a combination of data sources, to quantify both the direct and aggregate economic impact of these activities in the UK economy in the years 2010 to 2017.
The ports industry makes a macroeconomic contribution to the UK, via the key macroeconomic indicators: business turnover, Gross Value Added (GVA), employment and the compensation of employees.
In fact, it is estimated that in 2017 the ports industry directly contributed around £29.0 billion in business turnover, £9.7 billion in GVA and 115,000 jobs for UK employees. This respectively equates to 61% of turnover, 57% of GVA and 52% of employment directly supported by the wider UK Maritime Sector in 2017.
The ports industry also raises millions of pounds each year to the UK Exchequer and makes a significant contribution to UK trade through exports of goods and services. Namely, the industry contributed just under £2 billion in tax revenues in 2017, spread across Corporation Tax, Income Tax, National Insurance Contributions (NICs) and Business Rates. The industry is also estimated to have exported £9 billion of goods and services in 2017
In addition, after quantifying the aggregate economic impacts through the industry supply chains and induced effects on expenditures, it is estimated that the ports industry assisted in supporting a total of £28.7 billion of GVA in 2017. This indicates that, for every £1 in GVA directly contributed by the ports industry, a further £2.97 in GVA is stimulated across the wider UK economy.
These overall economic impacts regarding the ports industry also expand to turnover, employment and the compensation of employees. It is estimated that the ports industry helped to support a total of £70.0 billion in turnover, 822,000 jobs and £10.8 billion through the compensation of employees in 2017.
Furthermore, while the economic contribution of the industry is extended across all UK regions, the South East region contributes the most to GVA, turnover, employment and compensation of employees both through direct and aggregate impacts.
In 2017, it is estimated that the industry in South East directly contributed £2.7 billion of GVA and 27,000 jobs. After indirect and induced effects are considered, the overall impact of the industry in South East rises to almost £7.5 billion of GVA and 235,600 jobs.
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