The facts

  • More than 570,000 premature deaths avoided (2020-2025)
  • 68% overall reduction in shipping’s negative effect on human health through air pollution

Significant reductions in:

  • stroke
  • asthma
  • cardiovascular disease
  • lung cancer
  • pulmonary disease

Cutting sulphur emissions helps prevent acid rain, which means:

  • less harm to crops, forests and aquatic species
  • tackling ocean acidification

Where

  • Health benefits felt globally
  • Strongest in coastal communities
  • Major impact in vulnerable areas: Asia-Pacific, Africa and Latin America

How

  • 0.50% reduced from 3.50%– significantly less sulphur permitted in ships’ fuel
  • 77% drop in overall SOx emissions from ships (2020-2025)

When

From 1 January 2020