According to EIA’s recently released Winter 2023–24 Global LNG Analysis, relatively full natural gas inventories in the United States and Europe and expanded global liquefied natural gas (LNG) export and import capacity have improved the likelihood that global gas supply is sufficient to meet demand in the 2023–24 winter season (November–March).
owever, extreme weather and supply interruptions both pose risks to this balance.
Expanded global LNG export and import capacity will make more natural gas available this winter season. EIA expects approximately 4.0 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) of additional and returning LNG export capacity to be available during winter 2023–24. The return to service of Freeport LNG in the United States has already boosted global LNG exports by 2.0 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) so far this year.
They also estimate global LNG import capacity has expanded by 13% (18 Bcf/d) so far this year in both Europe and Asia, and we expect more import projects to enter operation in Germany and China this winter.
As explained, natural gas consumers are also beginning this winter season with more natural gas in storage than during last winter. Europe’s natural gas storage inventories are almost full at the start of 2023–24 withdrawal season, with 3,657 billion cubic feet (Bcf) (99% of capacity) stored in Europe (EU-27) as of October 31, 2023, according to data from Aggregated Gas Storage Inventory (AGSI+). EIA estimates that volume represents 65 days of natural gas consumption at peak five-year (2019–23) winter usage rates and 84 days of natural gas consumption at rates reached last winter. The on-site storage capacity at regasification facilities in Japan and South Korea has also been consistently full this year. In the United States—an important global LNG supplier—storage inventories exceeded last year’s inventories by 8% as of October 27, 2023.
LNG front-month futures prices this year have been consistently lower than last year, chiefly in response to the increased natural gas storage inventories in Europe. Global natural gas prices in East Asia and at the Title Transfer Facility (TTF) in Europe are down more than 50% compared with this time last year, averaging close to $15.00 per million British thermal units (MMBtu), according to data from Bloomberg, L.P.