Japan P&I Club's condition surveys are conducted by independent surveyors for both vessels presented for entry and already-entered vessels that have reached a certain age.

A total of 180 vessels surveyed in 2018, including 89% post entry surveys and 91 pre-entry surveys.


63% of the 142 entered vessels were actually surveyed. The rest of 53 vessels were not surveyed because of the ships’ schedules and the convenience of the ports of call. The surveys for the 53 vessels are planned for 2019.

For 2019, the Club is planning to survey 145 vessels, including all 53 vessels which were not surveyed in the previous year. Although it has conducted the surveys mostly in Asia, they may be arranged elsewhere as well.


The most common defects are related to:

  • Hatch covers;
  • Engine room machinery;
  • Oil spill prevention.

The following graph shows the number of defects found during the surveys in 2017PY and 2018PY.

japan club defects

Credit: Japan P&I Club

In addition, 13 ships among those to which the Club made recommendations had serious deficiencies that could cause an accident. The CLub issued defect warranties which warned of restriction of coverage to the thirteen vessels along with the recommendations. Some of the defects warranties issued are as follows:

General cargo, dry-bulk or wood-chip carrier vessels

  • Failing the ultrasonic test for cargo hatch covers (See our circular No.16-011 dated on 13 July 2016);
  • Poor condition of non-return valve of hatch coaming;
  • Significant amount of rust (over 70%) found in all cargo holds;
  • Hand rails, vertical ladder and platform heavily corroded or damaged in cargo holds;
  • Hatch cover cleats heavily corroded or stuck.

Container ships

  • Deformation of container cell guides. Heavy corrosion of cell guide support pillars;
  • Water ingress in cargo holds (up to10cm deep).

Other vessels (common defects)

  • Heavy wear and tear of break linings for windlasses and mooring winches;
  • Oil leakage from several machine units in engine rooms.

The survey also found cases where the ship’s maintenance plan was not applied effectively or only temporary repair had been done. For example only the silicone putty or marine tape was applied to the hatch cover, while proper repair had not been done even when ship had the plan.

It is important to repair properly and to find out why the proper repair has not been done as well as considering the measures to prevent such negligence from happening again

Japan P&I Club informed.

You may see further details in the following PDF