The Paris Agreement aims to keep global temperature rise this century to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. It also calls for efforts to keep the temperature increase even below 1.5 degrees Celsius.


For this reason, the annual UN Environment Emissions Gap Report 2018 will assess current national mitigation efforts and the ambitions countries have presented in their Nationally Determined Contributions.

The report will also look at fiscal policy, the role of innovation, and the role of non-state and subnational action.

It is being prepared by an international team of leading scientists, assessing all available information.

Before the official release of the report, UN has published a chapter on climate action by non-state actors such as cities, regions, business and investors.

It provides an assessment of the role, impact and potential impact of non-state and subnational actors such as cities, states, regions, companies, investors, foundations, and civil society organizations.

It also discusses the interaction between governments and non-state actors, the importance of government support for non-state action, and the need for non-state actors to follow best practices such as clear target setting and better reporting and monitoring.

The chapter reports the following:

  • Many non-state actors are engaging in mitigation action, across sectors and regions;
  • There is the need for other actors to join;
  • Emission reduction potential from non-state and subnational action could ultimately be vast, but the current impact is still low and hard to monitor;
  • Non-state and subnational actors are providing crucial contributions that go well beyond quantified emission reductions;
  • Non-state actors should ideally adopt more common principles when formulating their actions.

You can more on this chapter in the PDF below