SEA-LNG supports the objectives of the European Commission to create a common regulatory framework to address maritime greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in line with the European Green Deal objectives.
ore specifically, SEA-LNG is pleased to note that the proposed policy measures are goal-based and technology neutral. This will help the shipping industry to deliver effective emissions reduction now and achieve net-zero emissions as soon as possible.
The coalition particularly welcomes the recognition within FuelEU Maritime that the GHG emissions intensity of marine fuels needs to be calculated on a Well-to-Wake basis and should include all major GHGs.
We recognise that the proposed basket of measures relating to the maritime sector is supportive in principle of LNG and the decarbonization pathway it offers through bioLNG and, ultimately, renewable synthetic LNG, which is derived from the same hydrogen base as other alternative fuels
In addition, although SEA-LNG welcomes the objectives of the Fit for 55 policy package, there are a number of key issues that the Coalition believes need to be addressed if decarbonisation of the shipping sector is to be successful. These include:
- The methodology for calculating the emissions performance for different maritime fuels in FuelEU Maritime may be unworkable as it proposes different approaches for renewable and low-carbon alternative fuels and fossil fuels.
- The absence of a Guarantee of Origin system in RED III. This will tend to undermine market liquidity and hinder the ramp-up of renewable gases such as biomethane and synthetic methane (e-methane) and their liquefied equivalents bioLNG and synthetic LNG (e-LNG) in RED III.
- The focus on tank-to-wake emissions only in the revision to EU Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). The full life cycle must be considered. Restricting the analysis to tank-to-wake may lead to renewable and low carbon fuels being severely disadvantaged against fuels such as ammonia and hydrogen, if they are produced outside the EU from fossil fuels.
We are also concerned about potential issues of coherence between different policy measures, with particular focus on the FuelEU Maritime, RED II, and RED III. There is an absence of a clear and consistent definition of renewable and low-carbon fuels. This could lead to the exclusion of certain important alternatives such as bioLNG and renewable synthetic LNG
In a similar development, ESPO welcomes the fact that the review of the current AFIR proposal is accompanied by provisions in the new FuelEU Maritime Proposal, which requires vessels to use shore-side electricity infrastructure at berth.
According to ESPO, the alignment of requirements between what ports need to do and the obligations for shipping lines to use the infrastructure is one its main points regarding the maritime pillar of the proposal for an Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Regulation (AFIR) and on the proposal for a FuelEU Maritime Regulation.