Transnational maritime crime is becoming increasingly sophisticated as criminal groups exploit jurisdiction and enforcement challenges on the high seas, warned Yury Fedotov, Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), in his briefing to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) debate on transnational organized crime at sea.
The debate, organized under the Presidency of Equatorial Guinea and chaired by Minister of Foreign Affairs Simeon Oyono Esono Angue, is the first to focus on the global challenge of transnational maritime crime.
Two-thirds of the world’s surface is ocean. Nearly all of that is beyond any state’s territorial waters and largely not subject to a single state criminal jurisdiction. The high seas are open for vessels of all countries, both coastal and landlocked, to support international trade and economic cooperation, contact among peoples and the responsible use of natural resources. However, in recent years the freedom of navigation is being exploited by criminal groups. Transnational maritime crime is increasingly sophisticated, and it is expanding, both in terms of size and types of criminal activities,
…said the UNODC Executive Director in his briefing via video teleconference.
Moving forward, he emphasized the difficulties in preventing and responding to maritime crime, which often involves vessels, cargoes, crews and finance from different regions. According to Mr. Fedotov, the work of UNODC to support countries to counter crimes including:
- smuggling of migrants and terrorist material as well as attacks on shipping in the Gulf of Aden;
- cocaine trafficking in the Atlantic;
- heroin trafficking in the Indian Ocean;
- piracy and armed robbery at sea in the Gulf of Guinea;
- kidnap for ransom in the Sulu and Celebes Seas;
- illegal fishing in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans; and
- migrant smuggling in the Mediterranean.
These crimes pose an immediate danger to people’s lives and safety, they undermine human rights, hinder sustainable development and, as this Council has recognized, they threaten international peace and security,
Concluding, Mr. Fedotov emphasized the importance of all countries ratifying and implementing international commitments, including the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its protocols, and providing technical assistance.
The United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, adopted by General Assembly resolution 55/25 of 15 November 2000, signifies the need to foster and enhance close international cooperation in order to tackle transnational organized crime.