TotalEnergies published its Energy Outlook 2023, finding that with decisive actions, such as phasing out coal, investing in clean energy, and supporting the Global South through financial and technological aid, are crucial in addressing the challenges of increased CO2 emissions, promoting energy efficiency, and ensuring a just and socially acceptable low-carbon future.
ublished for the fifth year running, the TotalEnergies Energy Outlook 2023 updates the Momentum and Rupture scenarios for the global energy system up to 2050 developed by TotalEnergies. This year, it compares them with a Current Course & Speed scenario to better assess the impact of the various decarbonization levers that will enable the energy transition to be completed by 2050.
Our collective challenge is to move away from the ‘Current Course & Speed’ scenario, without compromising growth in emerging countries and in a way that is acceptable to people in more advanced countries.
..said Helle Kristoffersen, President Strategy & Sustainability.
According to the report, the Current Course & Speed scenario, which continues current trends in the transformation of the energy system, results in a temperature increase of more than 3°C degrees by 2100 and is therefore unsustainable. It extends the energy efficiency gains observed over the average of the last 5 years, i.e., 2.0%/y compared with 1.4%/y over the last 20 years, but this is not enough to enable NZ50 countries and China to achieve their 2050/2060 targets. World investments in low-carbon energies are not sufficient to be deployed in Global South.
TotalEnergies’ Momentumscenario is a forward-looking approach integrating the decarbonization strategies of NZ50 countries, as well as the NDCs (Nationally Determined Contributions) of the other countries. It implies:
- significant energy efficiency gains in all countries (2.4%/y over the period 2021-2050 vs. 2.0%/y in Current Course & Speed scenario),
- green electrification of road transport, in NZ50 countries and in China,
- phasing-out coal in NZ50 countries, a sharp reduction in China and slight growth in the Global South countries,
- use of natural gas as a transition energy for electricity and industry in all countries,
- increasing use of hydrogen after 2030 in the NZ50 countries and China, particularly in industry, and
- the levelling off of global demand for plastics and the deployment of recycling in NZ50 countries. In this scenario, fossil fuels still cover half of the growth in energy demand in Global South due to insufficient low-carbon investment. It results in a temperature increase of 2.1 to 2.2°C by 2100.
Ruptureis a scenario designed to achieve a temperature increase of less than 2°C by 2100. It implies:
- a wide diffusion to the whole world of the decarbonization levers developed by NZ50 countries and China, while meeting the legitimate growth expectations of Global South,
- an increased penetration of electricity and renewable energies in Global South,
- an even more significant reduction of coal in China and Global South,
- the extension of the transport revolution: increased penetration of electric vehicles worldwide and sustainable liquid fuels in aviation and marine,
- increased penetration of new energies (green hydrogen in industry and transport, e-fuels, biofuels and biogas.) and
- increased plastics recycling in China and Global South. This transition will not happen without rich countries supporting Global South by promoting a just energy transition (through investment, technology transfer, training, etc.). It yields a temperature increase of 1.7 to 1.8°C by 2100.