While previous reports from global NGOs have shown that the current EU list with approved ship recycling facilities can accommodate the numbers and sizes of EU-flagged ships that are scrapped every year, ECSA noted that non-EU facilities should be included in the list, provided that they comply with requirements.
The European Shipping industry welcomes the European Commission’s current inspections of ship recycling facilities in order to enlarge the list of approved facilities that will ensure safe and environmentally sound ship recycling. When non EU facilities such as Indian facilities are found to be compliant with the requirements, they should be included in the EU list, as it will facilitate and encourage further positive developments taking place in South Asia and worldwide.
The new EU regulation entering into force on 31st December 2018 requires that all ships flying a European flag be recycled in a facility which is included in the European list.
In this respect, European shipowners are worried that there is not enough capacity and, therefore, ‘welcome the Commission’s current efforts to enlarge the list‘, said Martin Dorsman, Secretary General of the European Community of Shipowners’ Associations, ECSA.
The European Commission recently published its explanatory note together with calculations carried out by EMSA. In the covering Commission paper, it is stated that:
- The average tonnage of EU-flagged vessels recycled is 588.000 LDT. The average tonnage of ships that changed flag from an EU flag is 432.000 LDT. This makes around 1.020.000 LDT as the average over the 5 years examined (2013-2017).
- The EU Ship Recycling Regulation (SRR) does not define capacity as the average LDT recycled in a 10 year period, but the maximum recycled in any year of the last 10 years. This is done to make sure that the European list can provide enough capacity for the busiest years too.
- The busiest year out of the five years examined was 2013 when 989.000 LDT of EU0flagged ships were recycled and 635.000 LDT of ships that changed flags from an EU flag within the last year. This makes 1.624.000 LDT for 2013.
- 2012 was the busiest year in ship recycling over the last 10 years, as can be seen in documents widely available (IMO, IHS and Dr. N Mikelis). 2012 was busier than 2013 by 23 % in terms of GT. Increasing the 2013 figure of 1.624.000 LDT by 23% would lead to 1.998.000 LDT. This is much higher than the available capacity however calculated that is now available.
EU facilities and/or dry docks are not available in the market for ship owners to use for recycling purposes of their sea-going vessels. European yards focus more on ship repair and off-shore works. This should also be taken into account when looking at available capacity.
In addition to the lack of capacity in the yards on the EU list currently, there are also not enough adequate facilities to recycle the largest sea-going vessels, added ECSA.
Only one yard can accommodate the biggest ocean going vessels, a yard that is also active in other activities such as ship repair. This means that the yard might not be available if an EU shipowners wants to contract the yard for the recycling of a large vessel. That leaves the shipowner with no other choice than to look for a ship recycling yard not yet on the EU list.
In addition, many vessels operated by EU shipowners, whether EU flagged or not, sail all over the world and never call at EU ports. This makes it necessary that for those vessels recycling yards are globally available.
Sailing a vessel that did not trade in Europe from e.g. Asia to Europe only for recycling is expensive and creates a competitive disadvantage for EU shipowners. The EU Commission should urgently provide the European shipping industry, operating on a global level, with a list which is geographically well-balanced.
Concluding, ECSA noted that ratification of the Hong Kong Convention is key to improving the working and environmental conditions of the global ship recycling industry.
European shipowners strongly support the ratification of the Hong Kong convention as the best way to improve the working and environmental conditions of the global ship recycling industry. European shipowners, together with shipowners from all over the world, urgently ask governments that did not yet do so to ratify the Hong Kong convention. In addition, as it is stated in the EU SRR, including non-EU facilities that meet the EU SRR requirements on the EU list will facilitate States to ratify the Hong Kong Convention.