Green hydrogen production, initially in the Eemshaven and later possibly also offshore, is expected to be around 800,000 tonnes per year by 2040, which could avoid about seven megatonnes or CO2 per year.
Green hydrogen, produced with renewable sources such as wind and solar energy, is central to the Dutch Climate Accord and the European 'Green Deal'.
Currently, the industry is already using large quantities of hydrogen, but this is mainly produced from natural gas and replacement with green hydrogen can contribute significantly to the decarbonization of the industry.
The NortH2 project envisages the construction of wind farms in the North Sea, which can gradually grow to a capacity of about 10 gigawatts, equaling electricity consumption of some 12.5 million Dutch households.
To enable this, many wind turbines will need to be installed. The project is expected to start this year with the kick-off or a feasibility study. If successful, the first ones could be ready in 2027 and will be used for green hydrogen production.
In addition, the plan provides for a large electrolyser in the Eemshaven, where wind energy is converted into green hydrogen.
Meanwhile, the consortium is considering the possibilities of placing electrolysers offshore.
Finally, a smart transport network in the Netherlands and Northwest Europe is required to deliver the 800,000 tonnes of green hydrogen to mainly industry, and later possibly also to consumers.
This could save an estimated seven megatonnes or CO2 emissions per year around 2040.
Together, we are launching an ambition that puts the Netherlands at the forefront of hydrogen globally. In addition, it contributes to achieving the objectives of the Dutch Climate Accord and accelerates the energy transition. This project offers opportunities throughout the entire hydrogen chain,
...said Marjan van Loon, President-Director of Shell Netherlands.
The consortium plans to form a broad coalition necessary for making a success of this large-scale project and begin a feasibility study, as well as discussions with the relevant European, national, regional and local authorities on the regulatory and policy frameworks, enabling stable and positive investment decisions.