Accordingly, it is reported that cargo volumes at these 12 major ports under the control of the Centre declined for the fifth straight month in August 2020 and all ports barring Mormugao saw a negative growth.

All 12 ports handled 293.67 MT of cargo during April-August 2018-19, according to the Indian Ports Association.

India has 12 major ports under the control of the central government — Deendayal (erstwhile Kandla), Mumbai, JNPT, Mormugao, New Mangalore, Cochin, Chennai, Kamarajar (earlier Ennore), V O Chidambarnar, Visakhapatnam, Paradip and Kolkata (including Haldia).

Ports such as Chennai, Cochin and Kamrajar saw their cargo volumes fell about 30% during April-August, while JNPT and Kolkata suffered a drop of over 20%.

In addition, Kamarajar port saw 31.64% decline in cargo handling to 9.11 MT, Chennai port suffered a drop of 30.36% to 14.42 MT in April-August, as per IPA data. Following this decline, Cochin Port saw a dip of 29.88% to 10.04 MT during the period.

Cargo handling operations at JNPT port decreased by 25.53% to 21.68 MT, while the same at Kolkata declined 23.74%to 20.65 MT. Mumbai port declined by 19.31% to 20.15 MT.

It is highlighted that all the above mentioned ports handle about 61% of the country's total cargo traffic.

These ports handle about 61 per cent of the country’s total cargo traffic. These ports handled 705 MT of cargo last fiscal.