ISSUE 70 I May 2022 I SAFETY4SEA Log I 43 safety4sea.com ARTICLE ING Technical & Trading S.A.; Mark Smith, North of Eng- land P&I Club and; Stela Spiraj, RINA, debated on next steps in implementing effectively strategy of air emissions reductions. Experts briefly referred to new emission regulations that are coming into place, pushing stakeholders to be- come greener. This is actually the target and given the cli- mate emergency, the maritime industry needs to ensure smooth transition and adapt successfully. However, since there are different schemes, both at IMO and EU level, and not one solution to fit all ships, there is need for har- monization and a common framework. There are tricky challenges towards emissions reduction and confusion as well. New EEXI and CII, for instance, are not clear how they will impact ship operating routes. Key concerns of these measures refer to the cost of compliance, the retro- fitting, plans. Session #5 – Shipping Decarbonization – Presen- tations Harilaos N. Psaraftis, Technical University of Denmark, referred briefly to short measures adopted during ME- PC76 as well as to MBMs for sustainable shipping which although suspended back in 2013, are now in the agen - da again. Dallas D. Smith, The Liberian Registry, highlighted that starting in 2023, ships will get a CII rating of their energy efficiency using rating categories A, B, C, D or E where A is best. Mark Smith, North of England P&I Club, provided the “P&I Club’s approach to decarbonization, highlighting the importance of crew training towards. Miltos Messinezis, OCEANKING Technical & trading S.A., gave a presentation on the carbon capture technol- ogies, explaining that these are separated in pre-combus- tion; oxyfuel capture method and post-combustion from exhaust gas. Gavin Allwright, IWSA, talked about the application of wind power in the shipping industry, presenting market forecasts and the pipelines status towards industry’s jour- ney to decarbonization. Sessions #6 – Ships Recycling – Presentations Dr. Konstantinos Galanis, International Ship Recycling Association, talked about the EU Taxonomy, which is a classification system establishing a list of environmentally sustainable economic activities, and its relation to ship re- cycling. Henning Gramann, Green Ship Recycling Service Gm- bH, provided an overview of all the steps required to de- velop and implement a recycling strategy, highlighting the importance of creating transparent processes and strong supervision. Yuvraj Thakur, Verifavia Shipping, explained the notion of the Inventory of Hazardous Materials, while presenting the company’s maintenance process and systems. Session #7 – Future Fuels - Presentations Vijay Rao, Steamship Insurance Management Services Limited, gave a presentation about the marine fuels of the future and referred to pros and cons of each option. Capt. Akshat Arora, Standard Club, said that the key drivers influencing ship decarbonization are: regulations and policies, access to investors and capital, expectations of cargo owners and consumers.