The web-based reporting tool identifies and ranks vessels across the globe based on a list of behaviours associated with illegal, unregulated and unreported (IUU) fishing.
CSIRO senior scientist and co-designer of the platform, Dr Chris Wilcox, said the tool used data collected by satellites to monitor and report suspiciously behaving vessels. As he explained, the tool uses data from the anti-collision systems - which are found in almost all sailing vessels and can be detected by satellites. Using this data, the scientists can detect vessels acting suspiciously based on factors including the vessel's history, movement and whether its transmitter has been intentionally disabled.
"Countries will be able to sign-up to receive notifications, or directly access the portal to search for vessels and then be provided with a report which highlights the suspicious behaviours involved", Dr Wilcox added.
The announcement follows the execution of the first international treaty aimed at eradicating IUU fishing, coordinated by the United National Food and Agriculture Organisation and agreed to by 29 countries.
Except for costing tens of billions of dollars each year, IUU fishing leads to overfishing and depletion of stocks which has a negative impact on developing countries, whose people rely on fish for survival, according to Dr Wilcox. It also endangers future food security.
The CSIRO team led by Dr Wilcox has also been working closely with the Indonesian government to address the problem. The project is part of a collaboration with Microsoft co-founder Paul G. Allen and his U.S.-based company, Vulcan Inc.
"This valuable tool will enable enforcement agencies to identify and locate suspicious vessels all over the world," said Dr Mark Powell, illegal fishing program officer for Vulcan. "Countries that use this new tool will now be able to reverse the tide of illegal fishing and help rebuild depleted fish stocks."
The platform will be officially launched in October.
How big is the problem?
- Illegal fishing is the third most lucrative crime in the world, after weapons trafficking and drug smuggling.
- It's estimated there are 26M tons of illegal fish caught each year, worth approximately US $23 billion.
- It happens in all parts of the world, but is particularly problematic in the developing world where low capacity and funding make it difficult to fight.
- 1/3 of fish in US and Australian markets appears to be illegal.
- 120 million people globally depend on fishing for their income.