This means that a bunkering operation taking place in, for instance, Singapore and which is paid for in US dollars will be subject to US secondary sanctions in the event the vessel subsequently calls (or has previously called) Iran,
...the Swedish P&I Club explained.
If a non-Iranian vessel is transporting non-sanctionable goods to or from Iran, the bunkering of that non-Iranian vessel in a country other than Iran — and related payments for these bunkering services — will not be subject to sanctions, only if:
- the transaction either does not involve US persons (including US financial institutions) or US-owned or -controlled foreign entities, or the transaction is exempt from OFAC regulation or authorized by OFAC if it does involve US persons (including US financial institutions) or US-owned or -controlled foreign entities, and
- the transaction does not involve persons on OFAC’s List of Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons (SDN List) that have been designated in connection with Iran’s support for international terrorism or proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, including designated Iranian financial institutions or the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), or activity that is subject to other sanctions authorities.
If a non-Iranian vessel is transporting sanctionable goods to or from Iran, bunkering of that non-Iranian vessel in a country other than Iran — and related payments for these bunkering services — risk being subject to sanctions unless an applicable waiver or exception applies.
For example, persons providing bunkering services to a non-Iranian vessel transporting petroleum or petroleum products from Iran could be designated under subsection 1(a)(ii) of E.O. 13846 if such activities involve the provision of material support for, or goods or services to or in support of, NIOC or NICO.
Persons that knowingly provide bunkering services to a non-Iranian vessel carrying only petroleum or petroleum products from Iran could likewise be sanctioned... if that transaction is determined to be a significant transaction for the purchase, acquisition, sale, transport, or marketing of those items,
Find the updated FAQs here.