The US is the world's leader in both oil and natural gas production. According to EIA, US natural gas production achieved a new record high in 2018, an 11% increase from 2017. In addition, US crude oil production grew 17% in 2018, exceeding the previous record in 1970.

US Secretary of Energy Rick Perry, stated:

Maximizing our domestic resources is key to maintaining American energy independence and ensuring both our energy and national security. The United States is projected to become a net energy exporter by 2022, and by improving technologies that enhance the efficiency of producing and recovering oil and natural gas, we can be sure to achieve that title

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Certain projects will fall under two DOE Office of Fossil Energy funding opportunity announcements (FOAs). The National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) will manage the projects under both FOAs. Specifically:

Advanced Subsea Systems Technologies to Improve Efficiency and Capabilities for Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) in Offshore Wells FOA: DOE will provide up to $15 million for projects that enhance the potential for EOR of conventional resources in offshore settings, and anticipates that the projects will be executed in two phases. Phase 1 will involve proof-of-concept validation of tools, technologies, and processes in a laboratory or field analog setting. Phase 2 will consist of an integrated full-scale prototype demonstration in a relevant environment to persuade stakeholders to continue developing the technology to commercialization.

This FOA requests concept papers that will be due about three weeks after release of the FOA. The full application will be due about 60 days after FOA release.

Advanced Natural Gas Infrastructure Technology Development FOA: DOE will provide up to $24 million for projects that support the development of tools, methods and/or technologies to cost-effectively enhance the safety and efficiency of the nation’s natural gas production, gathering, transmission, and storage infrastructure. This FOA focuses on three areas of interest:

  1. Advanced Technologies to Mitigate Methane Emissions and Increase the Efficiency of the Natural Gas Transportation Infrastructure;
  2. Process-Intensified Technologies for the Upcycling of Flare Gas into Transportable, Value-Added Products;
  3. Advanced Methane Detection and Measurement Technology Validation. DOE anticipates selecting multiple projects for this FOA.