That was the opinion of Brian Burke, chief of research at Gartner, who analyzed the top 10 technology trends for 2019. Mr. Burke said that AI is going to be part of everything we do in technology.

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Mr. Burke also created a list of what he thinks they are going to be the most important technology trends for organisations. The list is categorised into three areas: intelligent, digital and mesh.

Intelligent presents the way that technology is becoming more insightful. Digital focuses on how technology is connecting the physical and digital world, while mesh includes technologies that enable intelligent and digital areas.

Namely, the ten trends that will prevail in the next five years, according to Mr. Burke, are:

1. Automation

By 2021, 10% of new vehicles will have autonomous driving capabilities. According to the British Ports Association, coastal shipping could be one of the first parts of the UK maritime sector to embrace autonomous shipping.

2. Augmented analytics

Until 2020, the number of citizen data scientists will increase five times faster than the number of expert data scientists.

3. AI

By 2022, at least 40% of new projects will have AI co-developers. Today, many shipping companies are choosing this technology. Recently, Stena Line announced that it will conduct a pilot study in which artificial intelligence will be implemented on board. The new AI technology will be added onboard 'Stena Scandinavica'. Additionally, MOL aconcluded a technology consulting agreement with Professor Tomoharu Nagao of the Yokohama National University Graduate School of Environment and Information Sciences, who is the creator of the next-generation AI advanced machine learning and the percolative learning method.

4. Digital twin

By 2021, half of large industrial companies will use digital twins, achieving 10% improvement and effectiveness. For shipping, a digital twin is a digital presentation of a vessel with associated processes and systems, based on continuous data collection. And these processes or systems are presented digitally. Rather than arranging for a physical test cycle, the processes can be followed easily and quickly.

5. Empowered edge

New technologies will enhance capabilities of edge devices until 2028.

6. Immersive experience

70% of enterprises will try immersive technologies by 2022. Nonetheless, only 25% will be used to production.

7. Blockchain

Blockchain seems to emerge in many industries every day, including the maritime. Recently, the world’s largest container shipping company, Maersk, and its multinational technology partner, IBM, named their joint blockchain venture, marking another step towards the upcoming transformation of global trade. Blockchain will lead to the creation of $3.1 trillion in business value by 2030.

8. Privacy and ethics

By 2021, organisations that lack in privacy protection will pay 100% more in compliance costs than companies with best privacy-protecting strategies.

9. Smart spaces

Smart spaces are physical or digital environments populated by humans and enabled by technology.

10. Quantum computing

By 2023, 20% of organisations will have budgets for quantum computing projects.