Vessels which violate the current UN Security Council Resolutions (UNSCRs) on trading with North Korea will not be registered with the Palau International Ship Registry (PISR), as it became the latest registry to have joined a relevant MoU between Liberia, Marshall Islands and Panama, on 21 January 2020.
The North Korean bulk carrier ‘Wise Honest’, which was detained for over five months in the port of Pago Pago, American Samoa, eventually departed under tow on Monday, bound for demolition, less than three months after the US revealed intentions to sell the seized vessel, following order by a federal court.
South Korea announced that it has released two vessels it had seized, after suspecting they were transferring oil to North Korea. South Korea determined that was no deliberate breach of UN sanctions. The shipping companies promised to have tracking devices on board ships at all times and provide records when necessary.
Libya seized a sanctioned Iranian ship off the coast of Misrata, as there were claims that it was carrying weapons. The container Shahr E Kord had left Bulgaria, with Misrata in western Libya being its destination. According to the interior ministry, the container ship was loaded with 144 containers. As a result, the attorney general ordered the seizure and an investigation of the ship.
South Korea detained a domestic vessel for allegedly supplying petroleum products to North Korea, thus violating the sanctions. The tanker was detained at the port of Busan, for transfers that reportedly took place in September 2017. Prosecutors are now examining the case, in order to determine whether or not to press charges against the vessel’s operator and master.
Since 2017, the UN Security Council advanced the surveillance of any maritime activity that is suspicious of sanctions evasion and there are now even more restrictive measures on DPRK and related activities. There is increased surveillance of shipping in the Yellow Sea, East China Sea and Sea of Japan.
A large amount of Iranian crude oil will arrive at China’s Dalian port during October and the beginning of November, right before US sanctions on Iran apply. Namely, the National Iranian Tanker Company will ship more than 20 million barrels of oil to Dalian.
The UN Secretary-General, António Guterres, has called for more accountability for human traffickers in Libya, after the UN Security Council added to its Sanctions List six individuals accused of leading smuggling and trafficking networks in the country, in early June.
The US accused North Korea of breaching the UN sanctions on refined petroleum, as illegal transfers between ships at sea took place. As a result, the US demanded an immediate stop to all sales of the fuel. The US said that these transfers, are breaching the UN sanctions.
In late March, the UN Security Council Committee updated its 1718 Sanctions List, adding 22 entries, comprising 21 entities and one individual. UNSC Resolution 1718, adopted in October 2006, imposes a series of economic and commercial sanctions on North Korea, on the aftermath of the country’s nuclear test.
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