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Shipowners Club advice on steel pre-shipment surveys

Preventing a loss is always better than handling a claim The Shipowners' P&I Club has issued bulletin to give advice to surveyors as to when steel pre-shipment surveys are to be undertaken.Vessel owners have an obligation to cargo owners to deliver cargo in the same condition as when it was loaded. However, finished steel products are susceptible to physical damage and rusting which can occur prior to shipment.Even relatively minor damage to steel products can lead to extensive claims being pursued against a vessel owner which may well have occured prior to loading. In order to defend claims, and for the Club to be able to best protect Members' interests, the importance of accurately claused bills of lading is therefore essential.Preventing a loss is always better than handling a claim and the steel pre-shipment inspection is one of the best loss prevention measures that Members can take with regard to cargo care. Experienced surveyors know what to look for and where to look for it.Products (hot rolled) that should be subjected to a preshipment survey include:Structural sections Beams and columns Bearing piles Channels Angles/Bulbs Plates Hot rolled steel in coils or bundles Cold rolled steel in coils, packs or bundles ...

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Guidance on the use of armed guards

The Shipowners P&I Club have produced an Armed Guard Checklist The Shipowenrs' P&I Club has recently witnessed an increase in pirate activity in certain areas of the world. New cases of cargo theft and crew kidnapping have been reported in the Malacca Straits and West Africa Aligned with this new trend, The Club has seen a renewed interest from some operators in placing armed guards onboard their vessels. The common position of all International Group Clubs, in respect of piracy and the use of armed guards onboard entered vessels, was set out in thePiracy FAQs in 2013.This advice remains accurate, therefore operators are advised to refer to this in the first instance, when considering the deployment of private security personnel as part of their business.To supplement the Piracy FAQs, The Club has now produced a checklist for Members to use, specifically in relation to the use of armed guardsSource: The Shipowners' P&I Club

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Shipowners P&I Club issues safety guide on tug and tow

In response to the increasing numbers of claims and incidents from towage operations The Shipowners P&I Club has issued a practical safety and operational guide on tug and tow in response to the increasing numbers of claims and incidents arising from towage operations which have resulted in injuries, groundings, collisions, pollution, property damage and loss of cargo.From 20th February 2011 to 20th February 2013 all claims incidents notified to the Club were analysed for primary cause. Throughout the booklet we have included cases that were highlighted in this study with the aim to share the Clubs experiences so that other Members may prevent a similar event from occurring.Most tug and barge safety regulations focus on hardware and yet experience shows that a good safety record depends upon the safety culture of the entire company. The hardware issues are important, including the proper maintenance and inspection of equipment, but managing the human factor successfully would also lessen the number of accidents.This guide is drawn from the accumulation of experience within the Club and from industry sources including IMO MSC/Circ 8841 (Guidelines for Safe Ocean Towage). It highlights good towing practices and illustrates learning points from reported incidents. It is general in ...

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Adopting ship-specific procedural systems

Advice for vessels below 500GT The Shipowners P&I Club has analyzed the benefits for the vessels below 500GT of adopting ship-specific procedural systems.Even if it is not a regulatory requirement for operators to adopt these systems on their vessels, it is advisable to adopt, as a measure of good practice, a specific procedural system to ensure an adequate level of on board safety and quality. Practically this may not be to the extent required by the ISM Code, which may be disproportional to the vessel size, but one which places procedures and record systems on board that concentrate on identifying any significant risks that may possibly arise.To ensure operators have in place systems to manage risks, periodical assessments should be made and any procedures expanded/amended as appropriate.Adopting a practical procedural system on board may assist with:improving safety culture, safety performance, operational reliability and the safe operation of the ship: it is understood that many of our smaller vessels operate within the local harbour limits and/or coastal areas but basic procedures on applicable areas such as navigation, maintenance checks, cargo operations, bunkering and towing should be made available on board. Basic safety procedures concerning daily duties such as company/Master's standing orders ...

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Shipowners P&I Club advice on STS oil transfer operations

STS operation needs to be carefully planned right from its initial stage The Shipowners P&I Club has recently experienced a number of claims arising from poor cargo practices being adopted on board tankers during Ship To Ship (STS) operations.On the back of these incidents, the Club would like to bring operators' attention to Chapter 8 of MARPOL Annex I. Whilst the regulations stated apply to oil tankers of 150GT and above, engaged in the transfer of oil cargo between oil tankers at sea (STS operations), the Club also encourages operators operating vessels outside thesecriteria but who engage in STS operations to incorporate these operating procedures to assist with ensuring safe operations.An STS operation needs to be carefully planned right from its initial stages with the following being of paramount importance:Procedures for selecting a safe STS transfer area taking into consideration traffic density, availability of good holding ground, weather conditions and local port regulations.Notification to the relevant local authorities in line with their reporting requirements.Any oil tanker involved in STS operations shall carry on board an STS operation plan, approved by the Administration and in the working language of the ship, prescribing how to conduct STS operations. The STS operation plan ...

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