This is the first time in its 15-year history, that the environment is at the top of list of issues likely to have a major impact over the next decade, as a year of extreme weather events and growing evidence of global heating catapulted the climate emergency to the top of the list of issues worrying the world’s elite.
The University of Southampton launched a study presenting a number of sites in Europe which contain gas hydrate, including areas off the west coast of Greenland, around Svalbard, off central Norway and west of Ireland.
Recently, a paper was launched highlighting the impact of human-emitted greenhouse gases (GHGs) which result to ta long term warming of the planet and the oceans; Thus, the 5 warmest years for the world’s oceans were 2016 to 2019.
Energy produced at coal-fired thermal stations made up less than 5% of all electricity generated in 2019 in Spain, as natural gas and renewables become more profitable options. According to figures that Red Eléctrica de España (REE), the national power grid operator, advanced to EL PAÍS, the country has dramatically reduced its reliance on coal-fired power, and as a direct result, carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from electricity generation fell 33.3% in 2019.
Despite the global efforts on tackling the climate change and looking for innovative ways to head towards a sustainable future, a newly-launched report “10 new insights in climate science 2019” highlights that the world is not on the same track, the actions that have been taken are not as fruitful as they should have been and the global leaders are not yet committing to the necessary emissions cuts.
The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration advises that the 2019 Atlantic hurricane season which was marked by intensified tropical activity from mid-August through October, comes to an end on Saturday, November 30. 2019 marks the fourth consecutive above-normal Atlantic hurricane season. The only other period on record that produced four consecutive above-normal seasons was in 1998-2001.
The latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report highlights the urgency to prioritize timely, ambitious and coordinated action to address unprecedented and enduring changes in the ocean and cryosphere. The report also reveals the benefits of ambitious and effective adaptation for sustainable development and the increasing costs and risks of delayed action.
With the ocean absorbing vast quantities of heat, increased concentrations of GHG are reported in the atmosphere, mainly from fossil fuel consumption. In fact, the Fifth Assessment Report published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 2013 indicated that the ocean had absorbed over 93% of the excess heat from greenhouse gas emissions since the 1970s. This is leading ocean temperatures to increase.
Terry Beech, the Canadian Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Transport and Member of Parliament for Burnaby North – Seymour, on behalf of Marc Garneau, Minister of Transport, announced that the Government of Canada is investing more than $300,000 in two projects at the Port of Vancouver to strengthen its transportation system and better prepare for climate change and extreme weather events.
A new research discovered that a warming planet could change ocean waves in more than 50% of the world’s coastlines. If this happens, it could lead to significant impacts to coastal flooding and erosion. The pattern that is discovered from this research is that changes in wave heights are expected in some areas, with increases in the Southern Ocean and the tropical eastern Pacific, but reductions in the North Atlantic Ocean and portions of the northern Pacific Ocean.
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