Last month, Gard was notified by several of our correspondents that they had received an unusual e-mail from our CEO asking for details about outstanding payments. Security Advisor, Eili Bjelkåsen, in Gard’s Technology and Security department tells the story. Knowing how fraudsters operate is key to understanding how to protect yourself and your company.
Malware aims to damage files or entire computer systems, steal data, or disrupt networks. They can be viruses, worms, Trojans, spyware, adware, backdoors, rootkits, and bots. To protect your systems against a malware, there are numerous inexpensive Antivirus software programs, but first and foremost one must know how malware spreads so they can avoid it in the first place.
According to an assessment by Norwegian authorities, its maritime and oil and gas sectors have recently been victims of cyber campaigns specifically targeting companies in the US, Europe and the Middle East. For this reason, Norway advises companies to be prepared for continuous activity in the short to medium term.
Several hackers are pretending to be high-level executives in the shipping industry to launch ‘whaling attacks’. These attacks aim to steal credentials or even compromise the system. These hackers are targeting various types of employees with social-engineering. Whaling attacks are not new, but they grow, with the FBI noting that these attacks resulted in losses of more than $12.5 billion during 2018.
Gard Club in collaboration with DNV GL explain what are the possible cyber threats and how we can mitigate them or prevent them. Cyber threats are dynamic and can quickly change, for this reason seafarers must be very careful, in order not to put their personal or the ship’s information at risk. Namely, the easiest way for cyber criminals to attack is through negligent or poorly trained individuals.
The third edition of the cyber risk management guidelines, ‘Guidelines on Cyber Security Onboard Ships’, highlights the requirement to incorporate cyber risks in the ship’s safety management system.
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