Tuesday, April 20, 2021

Tag: Emissions Trading System

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Governing pollution from ships

University research raised concerns about the effectiveness of current international regulation A new University research report has raised concerns about the effectiveness of current international regulations to control air pollution from ships. An associated report also looks at possible enforcement issues associated with suggested future controls on ships' carbon emissions.Funded by the Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC) the research was carried out by the Seafarers International Research Centre (SIRC), an internationally-renowned research centre based at the Cardiff School of Social Sciences.The research involved observation of ship inspections in the UK and Sweden and interviews with 50 industry stakeholders (ship operators, shipping industry representatives, regulators, inspectors, fuel experts, trade unionists, environmental NGOs and others).Air pollution generated from ship emissions contributes to acidification and to pulmonary and coronary diseases, due to the sulphur compounds, nitrogen compounds, and fine particulate matter emitted when ships burn heavy fuel oil, a cheap refinery by-product.Emission Control Areas (ECAs) were set up by the International Maritime Organisation (a UN agency) in the Baltic in 2006, in the North Sea/English Channel in 2007, and in North America in 2012. Restrictions were placed on the sulphur levels in fuel that ships would be permitted to burn in the ...

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Commission sets sights on including shipping in ETS

Ships entering or leaving EU ports would be required to purchase credits for emissions In the midst of a diplomatic row over the inclusion of aviation in the EU's emissions trading scheme (ETS), the European Commission is to propose bringing maritime transport into the scheme.All ships entering or leaving EU ports would be required to purchase credits for the greenhouse gases that they emit. This would correspond to the requirement that was introduced for aircraft in January.The Commission is obliged to propose a market-based mechanism to reduce shipping emissions because a meeting last week of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) failed to make headway on creating a global agreement to reduce emissions. The EU's 2009 ETS law requires that the Commission act unilaterally to reduce shipping emissions, as it did with aviation, if there is no global solution by December 2011.While the IMO was meeting last week, Chinese media were claiming that Hong Kong Airlines would cancel an aircraft order with Airbus in retaliation for the EU's insistence on including foreign airlines in the ETS system. European media reports then cited Berlin sources as saying Germany was reversing its support for including aviation in the ETS.But Hong Kong Airlines would ...

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