South Africa became the 17th signatory to the Jeddah Amendment to the Djibouti Code of Conduct (DCoC), as an effort to combat illicit marine activity.
he Jeddah Amendment was adopted in 2017 to broaden the scope of the DcoC, which was developed and adopted in 2009 by countries in the Western Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden as an important tool to combat piracy and armed robbery against ships in the region.
The 17 signatories are:
Comoros, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Jordan, Kenya, Madagascar, Maldives, Mauritius, Mozambique, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, United Arab Emirates, United Republic of Tanzania and Yemen
The Jeddah Amendment covers measures for suppressing a range of illicit activities, including piracy, arms trafficking, trafficking in narcotics, illegal trade in wildlife, illegal oil bunkering, crude oil theft, human trafficking, human smuggling, and illegal dumping of toxic waste.
According to IMO, among other things, the DcoC/Jeddah Amendment regime has established a functioning network of Information Sharing Centres and a regional training coordination mechanism. Signatory States have embraced the IMO “Whole of Government” approach to maritime security, including the establishment of National Maritime Security Committee Structure (Including Sub-Committees), development of the National Maritime Security Risk Register and producing the National Maritime Security Strategy by all participating States, with support from IMO.
Her Excellency Nomatemba Tambo, High Commissioner to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Permanent Representative of South Africa to IMO deposited the instrument with IMO Secretary-General Kitack Lim at IMO Headquarters in London (20 April).
Last year, The IMO announced the launch of a new website www.dcoc.org aimed at sharing information on the implementation of the Djibouti Code of Conduct. The platform is expected to play a significant part in enhancing regional cooperation in countering piracy and other illicit maritime activities.