According to the European Environment Agency’s greenhouse gas emissions data, emissions by 11.600 vessels, added up to over 138 million tonnes of CO2 emissions in that year, representing 3.7% of total EU CO2 emissions.

What is more, the report presents that approximately two-thirds of the reported CO2 emissions are related to voyages to or from a port outside the European Economic Area (EEA).

Only 32% of the total CO2 emissions came from voyages inside the EEA, while emissions from ships in EEA ports stood for 6% of total emissions.

For the records, containerships marked the largest share of total emissions, with over 30%.

At the same time, bulk carriers emitted approximately 13% of all reported CO2 emissions for a distance traveled of around 55 million nautical miles.

The technical energy efficiency of the monitored fleet is generally comparable to that of the world fleet (except for small-size container ships). Most of the monitored fleet already meets the global energy efficiency standards applicable over the period 2020-2025.

...the report noted.

Furthermore, the vast majority of the vessels, have already reduced their speed in comparison to 2008 by around -15% to -20%.

For the records, the 11.600 ships monitored under the EU legislation represent 38% of the world merchant fleet (above 5,000 gross tonnage) and cover a large variety of ships from roll-on/roll-off passenger ships to bulk carriers, tankers and container ships.

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"2019 Annual Report on CO2 Emissions from Maritime Transport"