The Society for Gas a a Marine Fuel (SGMF) has issued an introductory guide for those who would like to know more about using gas as a marine fuel or intend to use gas as a fuel.
The use of natural gas as a fuel is one way of complying with the increasingly strict regime governing emissions of harmful atmospheric pollutants, such as NOPx, SOx and reduces the carbon footprint of ship operations. LNG is the most cost- effective way of transporting natural gas over very long distances. It has been produced and transported internationally in bulk for 50 years. The gas-as-fuel industry builds on this expertise, but the bulk trade and the gas-as-fuel business differ in significant ways.
SGMF Guide gives an overview of these variations and their implications. SGMF is a NGO established to promote safety and industry best practice in the use of gas as a marine fuel. This guide will link to more technically and commercially rigorous guidelines aimed at assisting the emerging gas-as-fuel industry to develop with safety as the paramount concern.
LNG Industry Overview
Some 237 million tonnes of LNG were traded worldwide in 2013. Japan was by far the biggest importer (88 million tonnes) followed by South Korea (40 million tonnes) and China (19 million tonnes). Virtually all the LNG produced was used for electricity generation, industrial and commercial gas use, and by residential customers.
Statistics show that about 5 million tonnes per year of LNG is transported by road tanker from bulk import terminals and small LNG producers around the world. Road transportation is most common in China, Spain, Turkey and the USA. Most of this LNG is consumed by large industrial users and power plants that do not have access to a gas pipeline network.
The use of LNG as a fuel has expanded significantly in recent years but volumes are still relatively small. Most transportation fuel is used by heavy-duty trucks or to fast-fill cars with compressed natural gas. The gas-fuelled shipping fleet is also expanding rapidly, particularly in Scandinavia.
Using LNG to fuel railway locomotives is being trialled in the USA and Canada, while Australian miners and American shale gas/oil producers are replacing diesel with LNG
The guide explores the environmental, technical, safety and commercial aspects of using LNG as a fuel. Further details may be found by reading SGMF Guide: Gas as a Marine Fuel
Visit SGMF official website at http://www.sgmf.info/
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