Huge profits are being made by local Vietnamese companies who export sand abroad. Companies are taking advantage of sand dredging privileges authorised by the Vietnamese  Government. At the end of 2009 the Vietnamese Government banned sand exports. In 2013 those regulations were loosened. The Government listed several enterprises allowed to export saline sand from river mouths and the sea, under certain conditions.

The majority of sand dredging exports are bound for Singapore. Panamax ships are the preferred means of transportation each ship carrying around 53,000 tonnes. Illegal dredging of sand reportedly contributes to river bank erosion and inhibits local residents ability to  produce quality aqua-cultural products, such as but not limited to Lobster.

Source: London P&I Club