In IJmuiden, transhipment was less by 12.3% to 8.5 million tonnes, with Beverwijk recording a 23% increase to 349,000 tonnes. However, in Zaanstad transhipment fell by 13.2% to 72,000 tonnes.

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The increase in Amsterdam in the first half of the year was caused by both liquid and dry bulk and containers. Liquid bulk transhipment increased by 10.6% to 25.9 million tonnes. The 13.8% increase in dry bulk was due to an increase in the transhipment of coal (23%) and grains (21%) to 17.8 million tonnes.

Regarding the increase in coal transhipment, it can be attributed to exports to non-traditional markets. This is not expected to be structural, while the increase should also be expected in the context of the sharp fall in recent years. Transhipment in the number of containers also rose by 35%, partly due to Samskip's short sea liner service that the port of Amsterdam focuses on.

These records were also offset by reductions, including in breakbulk, which is down 20%. There was also a decrease in the number of seagoing cruise ships visiting Amsterdam in the first half of the year.

In fact, during 2019 this number 51, compared to last year’s 74. The introduction of the tourist tax for transit calls on 1 January 2019 caused a number of ship owners moving to IJmuiden or Rotterdam.

The number of river cruise ships that put into Amsterdam in the first half of the year was 1,189, compared to 1,272 a year earlier. This decrease was also caused by the tourist tax. The difference of 83 relates to transit calls.

Koen Overtoom, CEO of Port of Amsterdam, stated:

After record transhipments in 2018, 2019 has also got off to a very good start. We expect the situation to stabilise in the second half of the year. The increase in coal transhipment has to do with favourable coal pricing conditions. The seasonal build-up of coal stocks later in the year is usually reflected in the transhipment figures

He also added that last year also saw a significant decline in coal transhipment for the German hinterland because of the low water level. Rise in liquid bulk is expected to continue under the current favourable market conditions.