• After a slight decrease of the total number of inspections last year, the number has increased in 2017 to 17,916. The average of number of inspections per ship of 1.17 times per year, equals 2016.
  • The increase of the detention percentage from 3.42% in 2015 to 3.84% in 2016 has stabilised this year at 3.82%.
  • The number of deficiencies have stabilised over the past 3 years: 41,820, 41,874 and 40,742 in 2017.
  • The level of detainable deficiencies has also stabilised this year to 3,706 (to 3,781 in 2016).
  • Compared to 2016, the number of detentions is the same; 685 detentions. The average detention rate in 2017 is 3.82%. In 2016 the detention rate was 3.84%.
  • As the states with the highest number of ship calls, Spain, Italy, United Kingdom, Russian Federation, the Netherlands, Canada and France, together made up over 51% of the total number of inspections.
  • Over the past three years, 62 ships have been banned for multiple detentions and three ships were banned “failing to call at an indicated repair yard”. Ten ships have been banned for a second time.
  • Over a three year period the flags of the Republic of Moldova, the United Republic of Tanzania and Togo have recorded the highest number of bannings.



Top five most frequent deficiencies in 2017

  1. ISM (4.35%, 1,774),
  2. fire doors/openings in fire-resisting divisions (2.51%, 1024),
  3. nautical publications (2.28%, 929),
  4. charts (1.96%, 797) and
  5. voyage or passage plan (1.46%, 594).

The first four are consistent with 2016. The “voyage or passage plan” has replaced “oil record book”. Relatively the total number of the top five is slightly decreasing from 12.9% in 2016 to 12.6% in 2017.

Deficiencies per main category

The number of deficiencies in the following six areas accounted for approximately 68% of the total number of deficiencies.

  1. Certificates & Documentation: The number of deficiencies recorded as related to ships’ certificates, crew certificates and documents show a small decrease from 6,785 in 2016 to 6,648 in 2017. The significant increase from 2016 to 2015 (7.7%) has come to a halt. The relative part regarding the total deficiencies has a similar level of 16.3% related to 16.2% in 2016.
  2. Safety of Navigation: In 2017, deficiencies in Safety of Navigation accounted for 13.7% of all deficiencies recorded. The increase related to 2016 when the deficiencies were 12.5%, is probably due to the CIC Safety on Navigation. The number of deficiencies in Safety of Navigation increased from 5,221 in 2016 to 5,565 in 2017.
  3. Fire safety: In 2017 deficiencies in fire safety accounted for 13.1% of all deficiencies recorded, compared to 12.9% in 2016. A further decrease of the number of deficiencies was recorded from 5,585 in 2015 to 5,393 in 2016 and 5,320 in 2017.
  4. Pollution prevention: The total number of deficiencies recorded in the several pollution prevention areas in 2017 were 2,007, a further decrease from 2,259 in 2015 and 2,056 in 2016. The relative part of the deficiencies regarding the total was 4.9% in 2017, the same as in 2016.
  5. Working and living conditions: Most deficiencies on working and living conditions have been found in the following areas:-Health and safety and accident prevention (area 11) 3,230 (39.9% of all MLC deficiencies);
    -food and catering (area 10) 1,295 (16.3%);
    -hours of work and rest (area 6) 752 (9.5%);
    -accommodation (area 8) 708 (8.9%) and
    -seafarer’s employment agreements (area 4) 646 (7.8%) deficiencies.

    The percentage of deficiencies regarding working and living conditions, related to the total of deficiencies is 15.6%. A decrease from 16.1% in 2016. The total number of deficiencies in 2017 was 6,348, a decrease from 6,759 in 2016.

  6. Safety Management: The number of ISM related deficiencies was similar in 2017 (1,774) to 2016 (1,838). The percentage regarding the total deficiencies remained the same (4.4%). §

Performance Lists

  • Looking at the Paris MoU “White, Grey  and Black List” the overall situation regarding the quality of shipping seems to be stabilising.
  • Although some flag States have moved between lists, the total amount of 40 flags on the “White list” is similar to 2016 (42).
  • This year there were two new entries to the “White List”; Poland and the Republic of Korea.
  • The Islamic Republic of Iran, Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation, the United States of America moved from the  “White List” to the “Grey List”. Last year’s non listed  Tuvalu also entered the “Grey List”.
  • New to the “Black List” is Ukraine.
  • In 2017 there were 13 flags on the “Black List” (12 in 2016), the Republic of the Congo recording the worst performance for the second year in a  row.


Detentions per Performance List

  • With 1,216 inspections and 205 detentions, the ships flying a “Black listed flag“ had a detention rate of 16.8%, which is less than the 18.71% in 2016.
  • For ships flying a “Grey listed flag” the detention rate was 7.4%, which is higher than 2016: 5.5%.
  • For ships flying a “White listed flag” the detention rate is 2.5% which is at the same level as 2016 (2.6%) and 2015 (2.5%).

Detentions per ship type 

In 2017 the top 5 detention rates for ships with a significant number of inspections are for:

  • commercial yachts (7.7%),
  • general cargo/multipurpose ships at 7.7% (up from 7.2% in 2016);
  • heavy load (4.3% up from 1.2%),
  • bulk carrier at 3.0% (down from 3.4%) and at the same score other special activities and
  • Ro-Ro passenger ship at 2.2%.

Although “other” is not a specific type, the detention rate is high with 4.8%. The combination carrier (16.7%) shows a large percentage as well, but it is a score of one detention related to 6 inspections. Best performing ship types are NLS tankers with a zero detention rate and tug (1.2%).

Refusal of access of ships

  • A total of 33 ships were refused access (banned) from the Paris MoU region in 2017. 32 for reasons of multiple detentions, 1 for failing to call at indicated repair yard. A number of ships remain banned from previous years.
  • Several ships have been banned a second time after multiple detentions, resulting in a minimum banning period of 12 months.
  • The total number of 33 is up from 20 in 2016 and 11 in 2015.

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