After a vote in the Norwegian parliament, Norway approved the final investment decision for the Northern Lights project, enabling the shipping, reception and sequestration of CO2 in geological strata in the Northern North Sea, approximately 2,600 meters below the seabed.
This approval demonstrates the Norwegian government’s support for the development of a Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) value chain, which is essential if Europe is to achieve its carbon neutrality targets.
With mergers clearances process underway, it will enable Total, Equinor, and Shell, the partners in this project, to launch the construction phase of Northern Lights.
The development of the carbon capture and sequestration value chain is essential to decarbonize Europe’s industries. CCS is key to achieving carbon neutrality in Europe and is fully part of our Climate Ambition to get to net zero emissions by 2050
said Patrick Pouyanné, Chairman and CEO of Total.
In addition, Minister of Petroleum and Energy, Tina Bru, stated that carbon capture and storage (CCS) is important to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. “Longship” is the largest climate project ever in the Norwegian industry and will contribute substantially to the development of CCS as an efficient mitigation measure.
The Northern Lights Project
Equinor, Shell and Total made an investment decision on the Northern Lights CO2 transport and storage project in May 2020. The project partners are now in the process of establishing a Joint Venture, which will be responsible for all project activities, including business development.
The Northern Lights project includes the development and operation of CO2 transport and storage facilities, open to third parties.
It will be the first ever cross-border, open-source CO2 transport and storage infrastructure network and offers European industrial emitters the opportunity to store their CO2 safely and permanently underground.
Phase one of the project will be completed in 2024 with a capacity of up to 1.5 million tonnes of CO2 per year.
Facts and figures
- The Northern Lights project is part of the Norwegian full-scale carbon capture and storage (CCS) project “Langskip (Longship),” supported by the Norwegian government. The project will initially include capture of CO2 from Norwegian industrial capture sources. The Northern Lights project comprises transportation, receipt and permanent storage of CO2 in a reservoir in the northern North Sea.
- A white paper concerning Longship will be debated in January and, then, the Plan for Development and Operation will be finally approved.
- Initially, Northern Lights includes capacity to transport, inject and store up to 1.5 million tonnes of CO2 per year. Once the CO2 is captured onshore, it will be transported by newly designed ships, injected and permanently stored 2,600 meters below the seabed of the North Sea.
- The facilities are scheduled to be operational in 2024.
- The CO2 receiving terminal will be located at the premises of Naturgassparken industrial area in the municipality of Øygarden in Western Norway.
- Exploitation license EL001 “Aurora” was awarded in January 2019.
- In March 2020, the Eos confirmation well was successfully drilled and completed, confirming the reservoir characteristics and storage capacity.
- Plans exist to increase the capacity to 5 million tons per year through additional phases of development and an increasing customer base.