Lessons learned suggest there is no “silver bullet” solution to explain how ferry fatalities in the Philippines have gradually fallen from highest in the world over the past 50 years to being much closer to the global average during the current decade,

...Interferry noted.

However, industry-wide discussions consistently identified some paramount factors, notably:

  • government willingness to facilitate change
  • the development of reasonably stringent regulations
  • weather-dependent prohibition of sailing permits (no-sail policy)
  • the presence of local enforcement personnel
  • the importance of insurance and insurance surveys.

In Manila, 44 informal interviews were held among shipowners, operators, regulators, naval architects, shipyards, classification societies, surveyors, insurers, the coastguard authority, tourism agencies, customers and media commentators.

The follow-up Cebu visit involved a further 22 interviews, including meetings with top national and regional officials from the maritime authority MARINA and the Cebu Port Authority.

The team also visited shipyards, observed several Philippines Coast Guard pre-departure inspections and undertook seven ferry crossings on vessels of wide-ranging type, age and size.

Additional insights came from a three-hour session with highly engaged members of the regional Passenger Ship Spotting Society – one of whom survived a ferry capsize in 2005.

Previously, we did not have a good grip on how the national hull and P&I markets worked – we were told by insurance experts back in Europe that the Philippines ferry market was ‘not insurable’. We have learned, however, that requirements from national insurance companies have actually been a strong driver. Our further deliberations will keep pulling on that thread,

...said Johan Roos, Interferry regulatory affairs director and fellow member of the domestic safety committee.

Conceived by Interferry’s domestic safety committee, the FERRYSAFE initiative is supported by a grant from UK charity the Lloyd’s Register Foundation covering direct expenses.