The total number of P&I insurance accidents about coastal vessels between 2008 and 2016 was 2,178. Of these accidents, harbour and fishery accidents were 1,291, which amount for 59% of the total. Along with this, cargo damage accidents and crew casualties, account for about 80% of the total.

The accidents were reduced at 328 cases in 2008, however, they increased again in 2014. This decrease can be explained by the fact that the number of entered ships was also less.


For this reason, according to an accident rate using a calculation, the accident rate was 8% in 2011, but it has increased very slightly since then. In 2016, meaning that 11 out of 100 ships caused some P&I accidents.

On the other hand, the number of P&I accidents involving ocean going vessels between 2008 and 2016, was 29,836. The number of damage accidents to harbour facilities and fishery facilities were 2,481, 8% of the total accidents number.

However, ocean going vessels have high crew injury/death related accidents, which occupy 44% of the total, with 13,185 incidents. Cargo damage accidents was, amounting for 35% and in third place, damage accidents regarding harbour and fishery facilities with 8% of the total.

Ocean going vessels - Number of accidents and accident rate fluctuation / Credit: Japan P&I Club

There are various causes for marine accidents, however, approximately 80 to 90% of all accidents are caused by a mistake made by a person, namely human error. Most of these accidents were not caused by only one error, but they were caused by a series of errors.

To reduce this percentage, BTM (Bridge Team Management) and ETM (Engine Room Team Management) are important.  BTM and ETM's aim is to ensure a safe navigation, in order to prevent human errors, and to improve team ability at the bridge and in the engine room.

You can see more information in the PDF herebelow