The current ruling in South Africa remains unchanged as follows:

"Should any unlawful person gain access onto a ship in a South African port, the person will automatically be deemed to be a stowaway unless the vessel can provide photographic, video or third party evidence (terminal security) that the stowaway attempted to board the vessel in Durban."

Therefore, the Immigration Authorities are now declaring unwanted guests that are found on board the vessel, while the vessel is still in Port, as stowaways. Basically, it is the vessel's responsibility to ensure that nobody enters the vessel illegally, and the ship owner will be liable for the full costs of repatriating the stowaway, the Club explains.

Stowaway attempts occur as follows:

  • Late at night or early hours of the morning
  • Stowaways wearing clothing which easily blends-in with stevedores' clothing, hardhats and reflective jackets
  • Stowaways wearing colours not easily seen at night
  • They generally climb up berthing ropes, gangways and hide in empty containers and log-ships
  • Many personnel working on a vessel enables stowaways to blend in
  • They bribe terminal security to enable them to get aboard vessel
  • They carry provisions for part of the journey


  1. The owner should try and employ three private security guards to patrol the quayside; One on the forward mooring line, one on the stern lines and the other at the bottom of the gangway. He must be briefed to check that nobody rushes up the gangway. Security on board is ineffective as the guards tend to fall asleep on board.
  2. If possible, move the ships security desk to the bottom of the gangway. If they employ private security then the guard must not let anyone up the gangway who does not have a pass.
  3. Ideally a crew member must stand at the bottom of the gangway and check that every person boarding the vessel is in possession of a TNPA port permit.
  4. Not allow anyone on board the ship who does not have a port permit.
  5. Every visitor should have ISPS clearance.
  6. All visitors should surrender their port permit to security and they should collect the same when they leave the ship.
  7. If anyone does not have a port permit, they must call the terminal/berth security in order to identify and ascertain who is the individual and why the individual does not have a TNPA port permit. The visitor should be in possession of photographic identification.
  8. They must not allow any individuals to push past them on the gangway. We have had repeated cases where individuals have run past security at the top of the gangway. This is too late and the local authorities will deem the individual as being a stowaway.
  9. Where possible, raise the gangway and only lower it and allow the visitor on board after a crew member has got to the bottom of the gangway and verified who the visitor is as outlined above.
  10. The Master should carry out properly coordinated stowaway searches prior to departure and the ship should remain at the port until the search has been completed. Dog searches are very good at the end of cargo operations. The Port Agent will be in a position to recommend the services of a security and stowaway search company. The dog search companies offer a guarantee to cover costs of the repatriation should they fail to detect a stowaway; however special attention should be given to their terms and conditions as these terms limit the amount of compensation payable by their company.