Loss prevention tips by the Swedish P&I Club

The Swedish P&I Club has issued a new report entitledMain Engine'' Damage'' which reveals that incorrect maintenance and repair continues to be the most frequent cause of main engine damage.

The report includes an analysis of the new claim trends following investigation of more than 1,000 Hull and Machinery claims relating to over 5,400 vessel years of statistic and concludes with loss prevention advice on how to prevent main engine damage

Main engine claims account for 46% of total machinery claims cost with an average claim per vessel of USD 545,000.

Cause of damage

  • Contaminated lubrication oil
  • Experts not in attendance at major overhauls
  • Using contaminated bunkers
  • Purifiers not operated as per manufacturers instructions
  • Engine components not overhauled as per manufacturers instructions
  • Crew with insufficient experience/training

Recurring issues

  • Insufficient planning
  • Insufficient experience/training
  • Non-compliance with company procedures
  • Procedures which are unclear, not comprehensive enough or have not been implemented
  • Experts not in attendance at major overhauls
  • Not having adequate follow-up methods after maintenance work

An overview of the main engine claims frequency trend over a 10-year period shows minor fluctuations over the period and has stabilized to around 0.02 claims per vessel/year

Container vessels account for more than 47% of the total cost of main engine damage claims but only 37% of the fleet, presented in the Graph below. The Club concludes that container vessels are therefore particularly exposed to main engine claims. Also, the Graph below shows that bulker and tanker vessels are underrepresented in the hierarchy of total main engine damage claims costs. Dry cargo vessels have the highest claims per insured vessel value.

The Swedish P&I Club recommends the following:

Recommendations for Prevention of Main Engine Damage

  • Implement onboard fuel management and fuel system audits.
  • Verify that the various parts, including purifiers are tested for proper function and are operated in accordance with manufacturers' recommendations.
  • It is imperative to monitor the quality of the lubrication oil. Samples of lubrication oils should be sent ashore for analysis at least every three months.
  • During major overhauls it is highly recommended to have experts in attendance.
  • It is important to only use spare parts approved by the engine manufacturer.
  • Invest in employee training.
  • Carry out comprehensive audits and inspections.
  • Replace diaphragm sealings at crank case luboil outlets at recommended intervals.

An in-depth investigation of machinery claims shows that a great deal of engine damage is related to insufficient management systems. In order to reduce machinery claims a well-implemented and proper management system is important. It is essential that crewmembers have the necessary experience to ensure that ordinary daily work and maintenance is performed in accordance with company procedures. However it is of utmost importance to carry out comprehensive audits and inspections to prevent management plans from being compromised.

Insufficient reporting and follow up work is a major problem at the management stage. It is highly recommended that members have a PMS which is approved by a classification society and well-implemented both onboard and ashore, with annual controls put in place by the classification society to achieve best possible results.

You may read the report by clicking below

Source:The Swedish P&I Club