A recent study by ICCT estimates the emissions from oceangoing vessels (OGVs), harbor craft, and drayage trucks at both the Port of Seattle and the Port of New York and New Jersey (NY/NJ) in 2019.
Quantifying the emissions reduction and air quality benefits of port electrification can help understand how to improve air quality and benefit public health around ports.
The authors modeled the emissions in a “full electrification” scenario that assumes 100% shore power connection for OGVs while at berth in ports and 100% electrification of harbor craft and trucks.
The results for both were then put into the Intervention model for Air Pollution (InMAP), an open-source, reduced-complexity model that estimates the air quality and health impacts of emissions on nearby regions.
The analysis finds that full electrification would bring reductions in emissions of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) of 75% and 69% in the Ports of Seattle and NY/NJ, respectively.
Of all electrification technologies, electrifying harbor craft alone could reduce PM2.5 emissions for Seattle by over 40% and for NY/NJ by 25%.
Using a value of statistical life assumption from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the authors show that the emissions reductions translate to at least $150 million in public health benefits in the area of the Port of NY/NJ.
Brooklyn would receive the largest public health benefits. Although the reduced annual average PM2.5 concentration in Brooklyn would be below 0.2 μg/m3, with over 2.5 million people living there, the public health benefits would be over $60 million per year.
Leave a Reply