Ghana forbids any foreign ownership or control of vessels flying its flag, to ensure that the financial benefits from industrial fisheries go directly to Ghana.
Despite this law, many foreign companies, mainly Chinese, operate through Ghanaian 'front' companies, to import their vessels and register and obtain a licence. As EJF notes, in 2015, 90% of industrial trawl vessels licensed in Ghana were built in China, and 95% were captained by Chinese nationals.
The result is a complete lack of transparency as to who is responsible for illegal actions, and who controls and benefits from Ghana’s industrial trawl fleet.
Now, the foundation calls the two countries to collaborate in finding a solution to this problem.
It is positive that China has already started attempts to tackle illicit activities of Chinese operators in West Africa, as it withdrew subsidies and fishing licences from three Chinese companies involved in illegal fishing in the region. Now it can spread this progress in Ghana.
In addition, both China and Ghana can secure economic and environmental benefits by committing to ensure transparency. In order to achieve this, lists of fishing vessels licensed to fish under Ghanaian and Chinese flags should be published, along with details of all cases of illegal fishing and the sanctions imposed, EJF urged.
Finally, an important aspect that the two government must work on the end of 'saiko' fishing. With this type of fishing, industrial trawlers target fish such as the small pelagic species that are a important for local communities. The catch is then transferred at sea to specially adapted canoes.
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