The incident

A yachtsman, with two crewmen, was skippering his yacht on an ocean passage back home. The boat had been underway for several days and the voyage was going well.

During the morning, the skipper was on watch and both crewmen were below. The weather was fine and the boat was running downwind at about 6kts; conditions were perfect and there was nothing in sight. The skipper went below and, when he arrived at the chart table, he felt an unusual rumbling for a few moments, followed by a violent shudder. The skipper was thrown across the saloon area, landing in soft furnishings without being injured. The skipper went back to the cockpit, where he saw the tail fluke of a large whale astern of the yacht.

Probable cause

The crew realized that the ship had collided with a whale, and then thoroughly searched for damage; the bilges were dry and nothing unusual was found. Nevertheless, given the violence of the impact, the skipper decided that the bilges should be inspected every 2 hours. The boat continued its passage, sailing downwind without significant stresses on the rig and only rolling gently in the ocean swell.

Over the following 17 hours, the crew observed hairline cracks gradually showing around the visible keel bolts; slight weeping of water steadily increased to slow flooding. However, the rate of water ingress was well within the capacity of the boat’s bilge pumps.


When the water ingress started, the skipper sent a message to his wife to raise the alarm with the UK Coastguard, but did not to set off the EPIRB as the flooding was under control. The UK Coastguard then communicated with the nearest coastal state, and a military maritime patrol aircraft was deployed to the area to find the boat and contact the crew. A merchant vessel that was near the area at that was also alerted and changed course to head towards the yacht.

During the night, the skipper started hearing a clunking sound each time the boat rolled and assessed it to be movement of the keel. This development led to the decision to abandon the boat. When the merchant vessel arrived on scene, the skipper drove the yacht alongside and the crew transferred to the safety of the ship. The yacht was then cut free, with a hull valve left open in order to flood and sink.


Lessons Learned

  • It was a necessary decision to abandon the boat. At the time, the water ingress was under control and the boat was sailing normally. However, the noises associated with movement of the bolted keel were a significant development and led to a situation of uncertainty over the structural integrity of the yacht. Even in good conditions, if the keel bolts failed, it is highly likely that the boat would have rapidly capsized, placing the lives of the crew in immediate danger. The decision to abandon the boat was the only safe course of action to preserve life.
  • Good communications are critical. The boat was equipped with a reliable satellite communications system that meant the skipper could raise the alarm at the appropriate moment. Good communications were then maintained using satellite and VHF between the yacht, shore authorities, aircraft and the rescuing ship. This meant that there was a shared picture of events and safety related decisions were taken in an orderly sequence.
  • Unexpected events can happen at any time and to any vessel. Being ready to deal with an emergency means thinking through how to respond when things go wrong. This incident involved a well-equipped leisure vessel with an experienced crew, but operating a great distance from safety. When things went wrong, the skipper put emergency routines in place to monitor the situation and prepared the liferaft for immediate use in the event of the situation deteriorating rapidly.