CHIRP Maritime issued its fifth annual review of maritime reports, covering all the cases published during 2020 and including a number of in-depth articles specially commissioned to highlight important safety topics.
s explained, 2020 has been a strange and disturbing year, dominated by COVID-19 and the global disruptions it has caused.
Namely, the impact upon shipping has been particularly severe, both as a result of infections and outbreaks at sea and because it has been so difficult to arrange crew changes.
Many seafarers are still at sea months after they should have been relieved – they are continuing to shoulder their burdens with courage and fortitude. As I write this, our crew change problems have still not been resolved.
…as Capt. Jeff Parfitt FNI CHIRP Maritime Director noted.
To begin with, section one of the Digest focuses on seafarers’ health and welfare. In light of the pandemic, the parer discusses the potential Impacts of COVID-19 on seafarers.
What is more, the Digest presents the information that can be used to help seafarers through this crisis using a framework, called the Six Category Intervention Analysis, developed by John Heron in 1976, a researcher at the University of Surrey (Heron, 1976).
This framework is used in many settings, both clinical e.g. counselling and non-clinical e.g. policing, for guiding people who are helping those who face challenging circumstances. It defines and describes six categories of intervention, divided into two groups, that can be used to help people with difficult problems.
The six categories of intervention are listed in the following table.
The interventions are divided into two groups: the Authoritative and Facilitative. The former group is more directive in nature, where the helper may command, guide, or instruct the individual to follow particular problem-solving strategies and solutions.
The latter group is more collaborative in nature where the helper works with the individual to discover problem-solving strategies and solutions. The circumstances of the individual or group of individuals affected will dictate the choice of intervention strategy that is most appropriate and likely to be the most effective.
It is worth noting that each intervention needs to be offered in such a way that the recipient feels free to acknowledge that it does, and equally acknowledge that it does not, meet with his or her true needs or interests.