Specifically, Belt and Road refers to land and maritime trade routes between China, Europe, the Middle East, and East Africa. It will renew these routes through large-scale infrastructure projects, as roads, rail links, dry ports and industrial zones are being developed along the Road.

Essam Sharaf stated that the BRI is a practical implementation of the SDGs and transforms them from local to international. Yet, the UN didn't publish a cooperation mechanism between states to achieve these goals.

Also, Sharaf, as  head of Sharaf Foundation for Sustainable Development and a committee member of the Silk Road NGO Cooperation Network, noted that the BRI is based on five key principles to be maintained among participant states, including

  1. policy coordination;
  2. infrastructure connectivity;
  3. global trade and investment;
  4. finance integration;
  5. cultural dialogue.

He continued highlighting that the BRI five principles are almost similar to the UN-proposed 17 SDGs, and focus on economic and social development.