Cyber Security

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The seven phases of a cyber attack

Over the last years, cyber security is turning into a key area of concern for all industries and sectors, with the maritime industry making no exemption. Craig Reeds, CISSP, Cyber Security Senior Consultant DNV GL – Digital Solutions, provided the seven steps to a cyber attack, exploring a change in the way that hacks are being performed.

Cyber security in the maritime: Think before you click!

The short video-issued by DNV GL, aims to raise awareness into cyber risk and how it can affect ship operations. Hackers today are becoming more and more sophisticated, so by the time someone realize that something goes wrong, it is usually too late. This is why cyber security is an issue of mindset and culture.

The glossary of cyber security

UK’s National Cyber Security Centre published an infographic, explaining basic terms of cyber security. Cyber security’ is defined as ‘The protection of devices, services and networks — and the information on them — from theft or damage’ and ‘cyber incident’ as a ‘breach of a system’s security rules’.

The Cyber Risk Landscape

While speaking at the SAFETY4SEA Cyber Masterclass, Mr. Max J. Bobys, Vice President, HudsonCyber, presented the rapidly evolving cyber risk landscape, specifically in the maritime industry. Mr. Bobys discussed the IMO’s current cyber risk management framework, and he referred to common questions into challenges shipping companies face, along with forthcoming trends.  

ECDIS should be protected to avoid potential cyber breaches

ECDIS is possible to be hacked, causing confusion regarding the size and the location of vessels, in order to trigger other ships’ collision alarms. This could possibly block the English Channel, even though the University of Plymouth’s Maritime Cyber Threats said that reaching the worst case scenario is extremely unlikely.

Cyber risks: Insurance cover and cyber preparedness

While speaking at the recent SAFETY4SEA Cyber Masterclass, Mr. Colin Gillespie, Deputy Director (Loss Prevention), The North of England P&I Club, highlighted that the risk of cyber-attacks is a continuing and evolving threat across all industries and sectors. Shipping companies are no exception.

DNV GL issues cyber security class notations

Classification society DNV GL announced that it released its first class notations, aiming to help shipowners and operators protect their assets from cyber security threats. The new class notations are called “Cyber secure” and they will be published on 1 July 2018. The Cyber secure class notations have three different qualifiers: Basic; Advanced; and +.

Integrated Crime Cyber Insurance for the marine transport industry

While speaking at SAFETY4SEA Cyber Masterclass, Mr. Nick Taylor, Consultant, Shoreline, provided feedback on Cyber or IT Security from the insurer’s perspective, noting that shipowners are called to address them. The pressure is not as severe as that imposed by the Oil Pollution Act 1990, where attitudes to prevent environmental pollution had to change.

How new technologies can affect cruise passengers’ data

Rising passenger numbers on cruise ships have resulted in the introduction of new technologies and the internet of things which makes the journey more engaging and personalised. However, there is a flip side, and with thousands of people’s information available cruise line digitisation makes them a target for hackers.

Cyber security vulnerabilities for oil & gas industry: Saudi Aramco case

Following Mirai, WannaCry and NotPetya attacks that caused substantial damages across many sectors in the past, safeguarding the ONG sector has been proved of foremost importance. Specifically, a cyber-attack in the ONG may lead to plant shutdown, equipment damage, undetected spills or safety measures violation that may result in injuries and even death. After several high-profile attacks, including the 2012 Saudi Aramco attack which unleashed a virus that affected 30,000 workstations, ONG companies have established their own protocols and prevention procedures.


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