As 2019 begins, there are some important areas concerning cyber security that the ones interested should focus on, according to Silicon Republic’s Ellen Tannam. Those in the industry may view it more as a future filled with potential threats and attack vectors to worry about.
The Information Security Forum has announced the top global security threats that businesses will face in 2019. According to the ISF, key threats for the coming year include: sophistication of cyber crime and ransomware; the impact of legislation; smart devices challenges; supply chain assurance.
According to the Global Maritime Issues Monitor 2018 report, which the Global Maritime Forum in Hong Kong provided on October 3, ‘Cyber attacks and data theft’ is likely to have the largest impact on the 17 major global issues over the next 10 years.
In mid-2017, the industry was shaken by a major cyber-attack against Maersk, the world’s largest container shipping company, which led the sector to adopt a new look at cyber security issues. 2018 validated this trend as cyber incidents continued affecting operators, ports, and shipbuilders.
While the maritime industry tries to keep up with the new technological trends, it becomes reliant on cyber systems and connectivity of Operational Technology (OT) with Information Technology (IT), it faces new challenges. Cyber crimes are increasing at an unprecedented rate and cyber disruption cause far-reaching consequences.
The third edition of the cyber risk management guidelines, ‘Guidelines on Cyber Security Onboard Ships’, highlights the requirement to incorporate cyber risks in the ship’s safety management system.
In a brief statement, the Italian oil and gas contractor Saipem informed of a cyber attack on 10 December, primarily affecting its servers in the Middle East. The company, which is a subsidiary of the Italian oil major Eni, became the latest wide-known maritime organization to have been affected by a cyber breach.
Mr Rick Scott, Senior Technical Advisor, ABS, shares latest developments on cyber security, explaining what initiatives ABS has taken to raise awareness, for which the classification society has been shortlisted alongside other distinguished nominees. Namely, ABS conducted a two-year research which resulted in a new model to assess cyber risk. As an industry, the ability to measure cyber risk will become a core foundation for operational efficiency and safety, he concludes.
With cyber threats constantly evolving, cyber related processes on board ships need to successfully provide protection against cyber attacks. For this reason, BIMCO along with several maritime industry organisations published the third version of the ‘Guidelines on Cyber Security onboard Ships’.
Peter Schellenberger, Managing Director for OSERV at OSM Maritime, noted that cyber incidents have revealed failures in operational systems and key areas of attention. For example, the willingness to include protection expense as part of OPEX and communication cost is still limited while even in dedicated IT departments there is still little knowledge about options and needs for protection.
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