South Korean shipbuilder Hyundai Heavy Industries Co., the world’s largest shipbuilding company, announced that it has received a cyber security certificate from the American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) for one of its very large crude carriers (VLCCs). This was the first time in the world that the company received the Cyber Security Ready (CSR) for a VLCC.
Japanese classification society ClassNK announced the signing of a partnership agreement with German service provider TÜV Rheinland to collaborate in jointly developing and delivering a cyber security certification scheme for the maritime industry, in order to further ensure the safety of vessels.
Kongsberg and KPMG collaborated to advance cyber security solutions for the industry’s operations. In the future, the partners expect the industry to adopt new digital solutions, which would have a major impact on operations and current business models in the maritime sector.
Professor Kevin James, Executive Dean Of Science and Engineering in Plymouth University conducts a survey about cyber attacks in maritime industry. Cyber attacks are of a great risk both for the maritime industry and for mariners. Cyber attack can cause many problems such as breaking something to the point it could go wrong and finally be mitigated. The most insidious cyber attacks can cause something serious to happen.
According to Willis Towers Watson and ESI ThoughtLab, the vast majority of companies (87%) consider untrained staff as their greatest cyber risk. Untrained staff is believed to be one of the categories where the least progress has been observed. In addition, malware/spyware is the most common type of attack.
Australian Defence shipbuilder Austal, which constructs ships for the Royal Australian Navy, the US Navy and the Royal Navy of Oman, has been hit by a cyber attack at its data management systems in Perth. However, the company noted that information of its commercial operations or information affecting national security have not been stolen.
IACS issued a guidance report on Remote Update/Access aiming to establish recommendations for control over remote access to onboard IT and OT systems. Additionally, where remote maintenance is used, clear procedures and protective measures should be adopted.
For effective assessment and control of the cyber systems onboard, an inventory of all of the vessel’s equipment and computer based systems should be created during the vessel’s design and construction and updated during the life of the ship, IACS advised.
IACS provides recommendation for vessels in order to safeguard their integration systems. Integration refers to an organized combination of computer-based systems, which are interconnected in order to allow communication between computer subsystems.
IACS issued a recommendation report suggesting guidelines to ensure network security onboard ships. The report provides a minimum set of recommended measures for the resilience of networks and networked systems onboard against cyber-related risks. This recommendation regards computer networks which are vulnerable to potential cyber events.
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