The International Union of Marine Insurance (IUMI) reported an increase in the 2020 cargo insurance premium base (from 2019) of 5.9% to USD 17.2 billion alongside an improvement in overall loss ratios.
Speaking at this year’s conference online from Seoul, Isabelle Therrien, Chairperson of the IUMI Cargo Committee said:
We are continuing to see correction in the cargo insurance market (albeit at a lesser pace than in previous years) with a strengthening of the premium base and an improvement in our profitability. We’ve worked hard to inject some much-needed sustainability into our sector, but conditions are fluid and there are many factors we need to be aware of
On the positive side, world trade recovery is well underway and forecasts project that larger economies such as China and the USA will lead the way.
As the fortunes of the cargo sector tend to mirror global trade, this is good news for cargo underwriters. However, the frailties in global supply chains exposed by COVID could cause a re-organisation and, perhaps, a move to bring manufacturing bases closer to consumers. Inevitably this will impact our business.
Ms. Therrien also pointed out that disruption continues to plague maritime supply chains with port congestion and activity suspension commonplace. The shortage of containers and the move to bring forward the movement of seasonal goods to ensure an uninterrupted supply during the upcoming holiday season has also contributed to the problem.
Other factors causing uncertainty to global cargo insurance included the effects of climate change and, in particular, an increase in nat cat events such as heavier weather at sea affecting the stability of container stacks on large vessels.
These large vessels have also in recent years been increasingly affected by onboard fires likely caused by mis-declaring dangerous cargo. The pandemic has also brought to light the fact that digitalization needs to be in focus for the maritime industry. A shift is expected in the way the industry will embrace digitalization and insurers should prepare for how it will affect the future of cargo underwriting.
Although hoping for a positive outcome, the outlook for 2021 was a concern for Isabelle Therrien:
A number of events have conspired to make 2021 look less bright from a cargo underwriting perspective. General Average was declared on the Ever Given containership which blocked the Suez Canal and there have been a series of other high-value casualties this year, including X-Press Pearl; in addition, Hurricane Ida and other nat cat events such as wildfires and floods will have a negative effect on our result this year
Furthermore, in the past four years alone, the industry has seen in excess of USD 3 billion of cargo losses and it appears that the severity and frequency of losses is increasing.
However, recent casualties and nat cat events have brought marine insurance into sharp focus which is working in favour of underwriters, says Ms. Therrien:
There is now an acute recognition of shipping related risks by our assureds as they have seen, first hand, the wider impact of incidents such as the recent blocking of the Suez Canal. We are seeing a move towards more comprehensive underwriting submissions as assureds ensure they are adequately protected. This bodes well for cargo insurance
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