This development increases the Brazilian marine protected areas from the 1,5% to 24,5%, surpassing the target set by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

The new areas are located around two remote territories, isolated from the Brazilian coast. The São Pedro and São Paulo archipelagos and the submarine volcanic chain that connects the Trindade island to the Martin Vaz archipelago are home of a large numbers of pelagic fish.

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The protected areas will be of mixed nature. Some areas will allow the development of regulated economic activities and others will be considered natural heritage, and will be protected from exploitation.

These areas will play a strategic role in protecting the Brazilian territorial sea and the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). The areas will be co-administered by the Ministries of Environment and of Defense.