Black Sea MoU issued its annual PSC report recording a total of 241 ship detentions in 2020 compared with 212 detentions in 2019, which represents an increase of 13.68%. The detention percentage in 2020 was 4.21% which is also higher than in 2019 (3.51%).
n 2020, the BS MOU member Authorities conducted a total of 5,721 inspections, representing slight 5.22% decrease as compared with 6,036 initial inspections in 2019. The regional inspection rate is 74.69% which shows minor decrease compared with 2019 (75.31%). A total of 15,442 deficiencies were also recorded. The average number of deficiencies per inspection in 2020 slightly decreased from 3.22 to 2.70, compared with 2019.
The most significant number of operational deficiencies found in 2020 was in the area of safety of navigation, followed by life-saving appliances, health protection, medical care, social security, fire safety measures and structural conditions, which constitutes 57.1% of the total deficiencies found.
In addition, ISM-related issues accounted for 9.88% of all detainable deficiencies in the 2020 reporting period which is 1.15% increase compared with 2019.
Data by Flag 2020
Inspections were carried out on ships registered under 87 flags. The flag State with the largest number of ships inspected in the region was Panama with 912 (15.94%) inspections followed by Marshall Islands with 690 (12.06%) and Liberia with 580 (10.14%) which constitute 2,182 (38.14%) of total inspections.
In 2020, ships registered under 26 foreign flags were observed to have deficiencies sufficiently serious to impair the seaworthiness and warrant detention. High detention percentage observed Ukraine (12.90%), followed by Comoros (11.03%) and Tanzania (10.26%) flagged vessels.
Data by Ship Type
When considering the breakdown of ships inspected by ship type, largest group of the ship inspected during 2020 were bulk carrier with 2,269 (36.7%) inspections, general cargo/multipurpose 1,859 (32.5%) and oil tanker 654 (11.4%) were also inspected which represent 83.6% of inspections.
Majority of detained ships were type of general cargo/multi-purpose ships with 91 (37.8%) detentions, bulk carriers with 84 (34.9%) detentions and Ro-Ro cargo with 14 (5.8%) detentions followed by chemical tanker with 13 (5.4%) detentions, which were accounted for 83.9% of the total detentions.
Data by Deficiency
A total of 15,442 deficiencies were recorded during the port State control inspections in 2020. Majority of the deficiencies found upon inspection in 2020 were related to safety of navigation (15.1%), life-saving appliances (12.9%), health protection, medical care, social security (12.0%) and fire safety measures (8.9%). These four categories make up 48.9% of the total deficiencies found 2020.
The number of ISM-related detainable deficiencies were 297 which accounted for 1.92% of the deficiencies, 194 marine pollution MARPOL Annex I related deficiencies observed accounting 1.26% of the total deficiencies. A total 678 detainable deficiencies and 74 RO-related detainable deficiencies were recorded during the port State control inspections. 4.4% of total deficiencies in 2020 were detainable deficiencies, and 10.9% of detainable deficiencies in 2020 were RO-related.
The majority of the detainable deficiencies found upon inspections in 2020 were related to life-saving appliances (13.9%), fire safety (13.1%), emergency systems (12.5%) safety of navigation (11.9%), and ISM (9.9%). These five categories make up 61.3% of the total detainable deficiencies found in 2020.
2020 Maritime Labour Convention Results
MLC, 2006 compliance is verified during 2,816 PSC inspections carried out in 2020 by Bulgaria, Romania and the Russian Federation, identifying 2,220 deficiencies related to MLC 2006 issues. This represented 21.2% of the total deficiencies issued and equated to 0.79 deficiency per inspection. Of the 356 detainable deficiencies, 32 were related to MLC detainable deficiencies. This represented 8.98% of the total detainable deficiencies. Of the 133 detentions, 26 (19.5%) were due to the MLC, 2006 related detainable deficiencies which resulted in 0.92 detention percentage.